Environmental Fluid Mechanics

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 457–470 | Cite as

Large eddy simulation of plume dispersion behind an aircraft in the take-off phase

  • S. S. Aloysius
  • L. C. Wrobel
Original Article


The aim of this paper is to provide an investigation, using large eddy simulation, into plume dispersion behind an aircraft in co-flowing take-off conditions. Validation studies of the computational model were presented by Aloysius and Wrobel (Environ Model Softw 24:929–937, 2009) and a study of the flow and dispersion properties of a double-engine aircraft jet was presented by Aloysius et al. (EEC/SEE/2007/001, EUROCONTROL Experimental Centre,, in which only the engine was modelled. In this paper, the complete geometry of a Boeing 737 is modelled and investigated. The current work represents a contribution towards a better understanding of the source dynamics behind an airplane jet engine during the take-off and landing phases. The information provided from these simulations will be useful for future improvements of existing dispersion models.


Pollutant dispersion Large eddy simulation Source dynamics Computational fluid dynamics Airport local air quality studies (ALAQS) Airplane take-off 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Aloysius SS (2008) On the use of near-field computational fluid dynamics for improving airport-related dispersion models. PhD Thesis, School of Engineering and Design, Brunel University, UKGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aloysius S, Wrobel LC (2009) Comparison of flow and dispersion properties of free and wall turbulent jets for source dynamics characterisation. Environ Model Softw 24: 926–937CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Aloysius SS, Pearce D, Wrobel LC, Silue M (2006) Comparison of CFD with Lagrangian-based simulations for airfield emissions dispersion. Report, EUROCONTROL Experimental CentreGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Aloysius SS, Pearce D, Wrobel LC (2007) ALAQS—Comparison of CFD and Lagrangian dispersion methods—Simple scenario during take-off. Report EEC/SEE/2007/001, EUROCONTROL Experimental Centre, dispersion_methods.pdf
  5. 5.
    Archer RD, Saarlas M (1996) An introduction to aerospace propulsion. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Celikel A, Duchene N, Fuller I, Silue M, Fleuti E, Hofmann P, Moore T (2004) Airport local air quality studies. Case study: emission inventory for Zurich airport with different methodologies. Report EEC/SEE/2004/010, EUROCONTROL Experimental CentreGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gerz T, Holzapfel F, Darracq D (2002) Commercial aircraft wake vortices. Prog Aerosp Sci 38: 181–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ghias R, Rajat M, Haibo D (2005) Study of tip-vortex formation using large-eddy simulation. Forty third fluid dynamics conference and exhibition, AIAA-2005-1280, Reno, NVGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Graham A, Raper D (2003) Air quality in airport approaches: impact of emissions entrained by vortices in aircraft wakes.
  10. 10.
    Jenkinson L, Simpkin P, Rhodes D (1999) Civil jet aircraft design. Butterworth-Heinemann, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Koutsourakis N, Bartzis JG, Venetsanos A, Rafaildis S (2006) Computation of pollutant dispersion during an airplane take-off. Environ Model Softw 21: 486–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Penner JE, Lister DH, Griggs DJ, Dokken DJ, McFarland M (1999) Aviation and the global atmosphere,
  13. 13.
    Rogers HL, Lee DS, Raper DW, Forster PM de F, Wilson CW, Newton P (2002) The impact of aviation on the atmosphere. QINETIQ Report, QINETIQ/FST/CAT/TR021654Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Schäfer K, Jahn C, Sturm P, Lechner B, Bacher M (2003) Aircraft emission measurements by remote sensing methodologies at airports. Atmos Environ 37: 5261–5271CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Engineering and DesignBrunel UniversityUxbridgeUK

Personalised recommendations