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Environmental Fluid Mechanics

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 215–226 | Cite as

A Multimedia Chemical Fate Model with Time-Dependent Air-Water Transfer Rates

  • P. Martano
  • R. J. De Carvalho
Article
  • 58 Downloads

Abstract

A multimedia model for the temporal evolution of the concentration of chemical species in a water basin and its bottom sediment layer has been tested with time-dependent air-water transfer rates varying with the meteorological conditions over the basin. The multimedia model uses the chemical fugacity approach in a system of two ordinary differential equations for the chemical species partition in the two mentioned media, with transfer through the sediment-water and the air-water interfaces. The air-water transfer rates are estimated by a micrometeorological preprocessor. A scenario in which known concentrations in air of a soluble pollutant (benzene) induce water and sediment pollution is tested on both ‘synthetic’ (MonteCarlo-simulated) and real series of meteorological data. It is found that the use of time-dependent transfer coefficients affects not only the relaxation time, but also the long term concentration of the pollutant in water and sediment, that differs between 10 and 40% in the examined cases when compared with the same multimedia model using average constant transfer rates as usual. This is shown to be due to the statistical correlations between meteorological parameters and air pollutant concentrations, which stresses the advantages of a time-dependent estimation of the transfer coefficients. Correction terms are proposed to take into account the correlation effects when a constant parameters multimedia model is used.

Keywords

air-water transfer chemical fugacity multimedia chemical fate models 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNR-ISACLecceItaly
  2. 2.DCMM, PUC-RioRio de JaneiroBrazil

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