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Environmental and Ecological Statistics

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 429–442 | Cite as

The influences of industrial gross domestic product, urbanization rate, environmental investment, and coal consumption on industrial air pollutant emission in China

  • Wei-yu Zhou
  • Wen-lin Yang
  • Wen-xin Wan
  • Jing ZhangEmail author
  • Wei Zhou
  • Hao-shen Yang
  • Hua Yang
  • Hong Xiao
  • Shi-huai Deng
  • Fei Shen
  • Ying-jun Wang
Article

Abstract

With the rapid economic development and urbanization, there would be severe air pollution. The path analysis method was employed to investigate the specific effects of Industrial Gross Domestic Product (IGDP), Urbanization Rate (UR), Environmental Investment (EI), and Coal Consumption (CC) on Industrial SO2 Emissions (ISE) and Industrial Dust Emissions (IDE). The results shown that (1) IGDP is the main reason for the increase in ISE and IDE, with the direct positive influence more than 20% and a total contribution of more than 35%, and the combined effects of UR can reduce air pollutants emission considerably, especially in ISE. (2) The effects of EI and CC on ISE could be ignored, given that their contributions comprised < 10%. Meanwhile, the contribution of EI to IDE was only 8.92%. For one reason, EI is underfunded which the percentage of Gross Domestic Product was < 2%.

Keywords

Air pollution Coal consumption Economic Environmental investment Industrial emissions Path analysis Urbanization 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by Projects of Science and Technology Department of Sichuan Province (No.: 2017SZ0173). The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and suggestions to improve the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei-yu Zhou
    • 1
  • Wen-lin Yang
    • 1
  • Wen-xin Wan
    • 1
  • Jing Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Wei Zhou
    • 3
  • Hao-shen Yang
    • 1
  • Hua Yang
    • 4
  • Hong Xiao
    • 1
  • Shi-huai Deng
    • 1
  • Fei Shen
    • 1
  • Ying-jun Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.Colleges of Environmental SciencesSichuan Agricultural UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.College of Water Resource and HydropowerSichuan UniversityChengduChina
  3. 3.College of ResourceSichuan Agricultural UniversityChengduChina
  4. 4.College of ForestrySichuan Agricultural UniversityChengduChina

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