# How reform curricula in the USA and Korea present multiplication and division of fractions

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## Abstract

In order to give insights into cross-national differences in schooling, this study analyzed the development of multiplication and division of fractions in two curricula: *Everyday Mathematics* (EM) from the USA and the 7th Korean mathematics curriculum (KM). Analyses of both the content and problems in the textbooks indicate that multiplication of fractions is developed in KM one semester earlier than in EM. However, the number of lessons devoted to the topic is similar in the two curricula. In contrast, division of fractions is developed at about the same time in both curricula, but due to different beliefs about the importance of the topic, KM contains five times as many lessons and about eight times as many problems about division of fractions as EM. Both curricula provide opportunities to develop conceptual understanding and procedural fluency. However, in EM, conceptual understanding is developed first followed by procedural fluency, whereas in KM, they are developed simultaneously. The majority of fraction multiplication and division problems in both curricula requires only procedural knowledge. However, multistep computational problems are more common in KM than in EM, and the response types are also more varied in KM.

## Keywords

Textbook analysis Multiplication of fractions Division of fractions Reform curriculum## References

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