Educational Studies in Mathematics

, Volume 65, Issue 2, pp 125–148 | Cite as

A Quality Math Curriculum in Support of Effective Teaching For Elementary Schools

  • William HookEmail author
  • Wayne Bishop
  • John Hook


This paper presents a curriculum, textbook and test result analysis for the new (to California) elementary school “Key Standard” mathematics curriculum, transplanted in 1998 from it's foreign roots in Asia and Europe, locations with far different cultural and economic backgrounds. Based on topic analysis methods developed by Michigan State University, this curriculum is a “quality” curriculum, since it is closely aligned with the curriculum of the six leading TIMSS math countries. Five-year test results are presented for two cohorts totaling over 13,000 students, all from four “early adoption” urban districts where 68% of the students were economically disadvantaged. Included are two cohorts of English learning immigrants totaling over 4,400 students. Performance was found to be statistically superior to similar (control) districts which continued with the old 1991 curriculum and textbooks (0.003 < p < 0.015). The focus of this paper is on the transition from far-below to above average learning performance of these students over the 1998–2002 period.


elementary school math international math TIMSS topics analysis methods TIMSS quality math curricula California math curriculum California math 5 year test results performance rate improvement analysis independent sample t-test effective math teaching disadvantaged students English learning immigrant students urban elementary schools suburban elementary schools transition to a rigorous curriculum 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science &#x002B; Business Media, B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biology DepartmentUniversity of VictoriaBritish ColumbiaCanada
  2. 2.Mathematics DepartmentCalifornia State University, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Meiners Oaks Elementary SchoolOjai Unified School DistrictOjaiUSA

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