Educational Psychology Review

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 743–769 | Cite as

Teacher Enthusiasm: Reviewing and Redefining a Complex Construct

  • Melanie M. KellerEmail author
  • Anita Woolfolk Hoy
  • Thomas Goetz
  • Anne C. Frenzel
Review Article


The last review on teacher enthusiasm was 45 years ago, and teacher enthusiasm remains a compelling yet complex variable in the educational context. Since Rosenshine’s (School Review 78:499–514, 1970) review, the conceptualizations, definitions, methodology, and results have only become more scattered, and several related constructs have emerged that may or may not be synonymous with teacher enthusiasm. In this review, we delve into the past four decades of teacher enthusiasm research to provide a potential starting point for a new, consolidated direction in teacher enthusiasm research based on a proposed, holistic definition of enthusiasm which brings together research from the past and can fuel research for the future. We begin by reviewing definitions of teacher enthusiasm and related constructs and, thereafter, put forward a new and integrative definition of teacher enthusiasm that combines the two most prevalent conceptualizations of the construct, namely experienced enjoyment and expressive behavior. Bearing our proposed definition in mind, we go on to present numerous measures that assess teacher enthusiasm, detail research evidence related to its correlates, and finally derive several research implications that, when considered in future research, promise to advance the field.


Teacher enthusiasm Enthusiastic teaching Experienced enthusiasm Displayed enthusiasm Review 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melanie M. Keller
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anita Woolfolk Hoy
    • 3
  • Thomas Goetz
    • 2
  • Anne C. Frenzel
    • 4
  1. 1.School of EducationUniversity of SalzburgSalzburgAustria
  2. 2.Empirical Educational ResearchUniversity of Konstanz, Germany & Thurgau University of Teacher EducationKonstanzGermany
  3. 3.The Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyLudwig Maximilians University of MunichMunichGermany

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