Educational Psychology Review

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 405–412 | Cite as

Learning from Gesture: How Our Hands Change Our Minds

  • Miriam Novack
  • Susan Goldin-Meadow
Review Article


When people talk, they gesture, and those gestures often reveal information that cannot be found in speech. Learners are no exception. A learner’s gestures can index moments of conceptual instability, and teachers can make use of those gestures to gain access into a student’s thinking. Learners can also discover novel ideas from the gestures they produce during a lesson or from the gestures they see their teachers produce. Gesture thus has the power not only to reflect a learner’s understanding of a problem but also to change that understanding. This review explores how gesture supports learning across development and ends by offering suggestions for ways in which gesture can be recruited in educational settings.


Gesture Learning Mathematics Communication Teaching Development 



This work was supported by NIH grant number R01-HD047450 and NSF grant number B6S-0925595 to Goldin-Meadow, NSF grant number SBE-0541957 (Spatial Intelligence and Learning Center, Goldin-Meadow is a co-PI), and a grant from the Institute of Education Sciences (R305 B090025) to S. Raudenbush in support of Novack.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA

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