Educational Psychology Review

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 125–146 | Cite as

A Review of the Relationship Among Parenting Practices, Parenting Styles, and Adolescent School Achievement

  • Christopher SperaEmail author


This article reviews the literature on the relationship among parenting practices, parenting styles, and adolescent school achievement. The review of the empirical research indicates that parental involvement and monitoring are robust predictors of adolescent achievement. Several studies, however, indicate that parental involvement declines in adolescence, prompting the call for future research on the reasons for and associated consequences of this decline. Furthermore, the review indicates that authoritative parenting styles are often associated with higher levels of student achievement, although these findings are not consistent across culture, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Darling and Steinberg’s contextual model of parenting provides a promising model to help resolve these discrepancies, however, further research is needed to examine the major linkages of the model. It is also argued that the contextual model should expand its notion of context towards the larger cultural and economic context in which families reside.

Key words

parenting styles parenting practices adolescence socioeconomic status academic achievement 


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© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University at Albany, State University of New YorkAlbany
  2. 2.University at Albany, State University of New YorkAlbany

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