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Effects of bistrifluron resistance on the biological traits of Spodoptera litura (Fab.) (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera)

  • Qian Huang
  • Xuegui WangEmail author
  • Xinge Yao
  • Changwei Gong
  • Litao Shen
Article

Abstract

Spodoptera litura is one of the major insect pests of vegetables in Sichuan, China, and it has developed serious resistance to many traditional chemical insecticides. In this present study, S. litura individuals collected from five regions in Sichuan in 2017, which were detected the resistance to bistrifluron. We found that the resistance ratios (RRs) bistrifluron were in the ranges of 15.9- to 77.7-fold, respectively, compared with a laboratory susceptible (Lab-HN) strain. To elucidate the effect of bistrifluron on the life history parameters of S. litura, we established the bistrifluron-susceptible (Bis-UNSEL) and bistrifluron-resistant (Bis-SEL) strains based on the DY field population with the highest RR of 77.7-fold among the all field populations to bistrifluron compared with a laboratory Lab-HN strain. The results show that the Bis-SEL strain developed a 113.8-fold RR while that of the Bis-UNSEL strain was almost equal to that of the Lab-HN strain (with overlapping confidence intervals (CI) of their LC50 values, P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the life span of the egg and pupa stage of the Bis-UNSEL strain was prolonged, and the strain also showed shorter adult duration and lower fecundity. Demographic characteristics, such as the intrinsic rate of increase (r), finite rate of increase (λ) and net reproductive rate (R0) in the Bis-SEL strain were significantly higher than the Bis-UNSEL strain, whereas the mean generation time (T) and gross reproduction rate (GRR) were lower. The results clearly showed that the developing resistance of bistriflueon on S. litura promoted its population growth. Therefore, the present study could provide useful informations for determining potential management methods to prevent the development of bistrifluron resistance in S. litura.

Keywords

Spodoptera litura Resistance Bistrifluron Age-stage Two-sex life table 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support provided by the Special Fund for Agro-scientific Research in the Public Interest (201203038).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qian Huang
    • 1
  • Xuegui Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xinge Yao
    • 1
  • Changwei Gong
    • 1
  • Litao Shen
    • 1
  1. 1.Biorational Pesticide Research Lab, College of AgricultureSichuan Agricultural UniversityChengduChina

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