Ecotoxicology

, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 1124–1130 | Cite as

Acaricide-impaired functional predation response of the phytoseiid mite Neoseiulus baraki to the coconut mite Aceria guerreronis

  • D. B. Lima
  • J. W. S. Melo
  • M. G. C. GondimJr.
  • R. N. C. Guedes
  • J. E. M. Oliveira
  • A. Pallini
Article

Abstract

Acaricides may interfere with a myriad of interactions among arthropods, particularly predator–prey interactions. The coconut mite, Aceria guerreronis Keifer (Acari: Eriophyidae), and its phytoseiid predator, Neoseiulus baraki (Athias-Henriot) (Acari: Phytoseiidae), provide an opportunity to explore such interference because the former is a key coconut pest species that requires both predation and acaricide application for its management. The objective of the present study was to assess the effect of the acaricides abamectin, azadirachtin and fenpyroximate on the functional response of N. baraki to A. guerreronis densities. The following prey densities were tested: 5, 10, 20, 40 and 80 preys. The type of functional response and prey handling time (Th) were not altered by the acaricides. However, the attack rate (a′) was modified by abamectin and fenpyroximate, and the consumption peak was reduced by abamectin. All of the acaricides allowed for the maintenance of the predator in the field, but exposure to abamectin and fenpyroximate compromised prey consumption.

Keywords

Acaricides Prey consumption Predator–prey interaction Attack rate 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. B. Lima
    • 1
    • 5
  • J. W. S. Melo
    • 2
  • M. G. C. GondimJr.
    • 1
  • R. N. C. Guedes
    • 3
  • J. E. M. Oliveira
    • 4
  • A. Pallini
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de Agronomia – EntomologiaUniversidade Federal Rural de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de FitotecniaUniversidade Federal do CearáFortalezaBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de EntomologiaUniversidade Federal de ViçosaViçosaBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de EntomologiaEmbrapa SemiáridoPetrolinaBrazil
  5. 5.Departamento de Agronomia (Fitossanidade)Universidade Federal Rural de PernambucoRecifeBrazil

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