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Ecotoxicology

, Volume 19, Issue 5, pp 838–854 | Cite as

Haematological parameters as bioindicators of insecticide exposure in teleosts

  • Narendra Nath Singh
  • Anil Kumar Srivastava
Article

Abstract

Haematological parameters, such as erythrocyte and leucocyte count, erythrocyte indices and thrombocyte number vis-a-vis coagulation of blood has been considered bioindicators of toxicosis in fish following exposure to organochlorine, organophosphate, carbamate and pyrethroid insecticides. This review deals with the effects of insecticides on the morphology of red blood cells, total erythrocyte count, haemoglobin content, haematocrit, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin, mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, total and differential leucocyte counts, thrombocyte count and clotting time in the peripheral blood of a number of teleosts. The review also takes stock of knowledge of the subject and explores prospects of additional research in the related area.

Keywords

Organochlorine Organophosphate Carbamate Pyrethroid insecticides Toxicity Teleosts haematology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are indebted to fellow workers who freely made available the reprints of their papers, for their advice and allowing us to reproduce their data in the tables given in the text.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Fish Toxicology Lab., Department of ZoologySt. Andrews CollegeGorakhpurIndia
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyDDU Gorakhpur UniversityGorakhpurIndia

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