Ecotoxicology

, Volume 18, Issue 8, pp 1036–1042 | Cite as

Understanding the performance of different lichen species as biomonitors of atmospheric dioxins and furans: potential for intercalibration

  • Sofia Augusto
  • Cristina Máguas
  • Cristina Branquinho
Article

Abstract

The aim of this study was to compare the performance of two lichen species—Xanthoria parietina and Ramalina canariensis—as biomonitors of the toxic organic compounds dioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs). For that purpose, the concentrations and profiles of PCDD/Fs found in samples of these two lichen species were compared. Results showed that R. canariensis presented higher concentrations than X. parietina and that the PCDD/F homologue profiles were substantially different between these species. Xanthoria parietina appeared to be a more efficient interceptor of more chlorinated PCDD/Fs and also of particles, whereas R. canariensis mainly reflected less chlorinated PCDD/Fs. Results also showed that the PCDD/F profile of X. parietina differed from the one found in other foliose and fruticose lichen species. Despite the differences observed between the profiles of R. canariensis and X. parietina, the calibration of PCDD/F concentrations between the two species was achieved, allowing the biomonitoring of PCDD/Fs at a regional scale using both species simultaneously.

Keywords

Air pollution Ramalina canariensis Xanthoria parietina PCDD/Fs Calibration Regional biomonitoring 

References

  1. Augusto S, Branquinho C, Pereira MJ (2004a) Lichens as biomonitors of dioxins and furans in urban environments. In: Klumpp A, Ansek W, Klumpp G et al (eds) Urban air pollution, bioindication and environmental awareness. Cuvillier Verlag, Göttingen, pp 67–79Google Scholar
  2. Augusto S, Pinho P, Branquinho C et al (2004b) Atmospheric dioxin and furan deposition in relation to land-use and other pollutants: a survey with lichens. J Atmos Chem 49:53–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Augusto S, Branquinho C, Pereira MJ et al (2007a) The contribution of environmental biomonitoring with lichens to assess human exposure to dioxins. Int J Hyg Environ-Health 210:433–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Augusto S, Catarino F, Branquinho C (2007b) Interpreting the dioxin and furan profiles in the lichen Ramalina canariensis Steiner for monitoring air pollution. Sci Total Environ 377:114–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Branquinho C (1997) Improving the use of lichens as biomonitors. PhD dissertation, Universidade de Lisboa, LisboaGoogle Scholar
  6. Branquinho C (2001) Lichens. In: Prasad MNV (ed) Metals in the environment: analysis by biodiversity. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 117–158Google Scholar
  7. Branquinho C, Catarino F, Brown D et al (1999) Improving the use of lichens as biomonitors of atmospheric metal pollution. Sci Total Environ 232:67–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Buckley-Golder D (1999) Compilation of EU dioxin exposure and health data, task 1. AEATechnology, Oxfordshire, pp 12–13Google Scholar
  9. Cleverly D, Schaum J, Schweer G, Becker J, Winters D (1997) The congener profiles of anthropogenic sources of chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and chlorinated dibenzofurans in the United States. Organohalog Compd 32:430–435Google Scholar
  10. Coutinho M, Boia C, Borrego C et al (1999) Environmental baseline levels of dioxins and furans in the region of Oporto. Organohalog Compd 43:131–136Google Scholar
  11. Domingo JL, Granero S, Schuhmacher M (2001a) Congener profiles of PCDD/Fs in soil and vegetation samples collected near to a municipal waste incinerator. Chemosphere 43:517–524CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Domingo JL, Schuhmacher M, Granero S et al (2001b) Temporal variations on PCDD/PCDF levels in environmental samples collected near an old municipal waste incinerator. Environ Monit Assess 69:175–193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fiedler H (1990) Compilation of EU dioxin exposure and health data. Report produced for European Commission DG Environment. UK Department of Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR), UK, p 629Google Scholar
  14. Gaio-Oliveira G, Branquinho C, Máguas C, Correia O (1999) Spatial impact of atmospheric dust from a cement mill in Serra da Arrábida using lichens as biomonitors. Revista de Biologia 17:33–42Google Scholar
  15. Garty J (2001) Biomonitoring atmospheric heavy metals with lichens: theory and application. Crit Rev Plant Sci 20(4):309–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Goyal R, Seaward RD (1981) Metal uptake in terricolous lichens. I. Metal localization within the thallus. New Phytol 89:631–645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Guevara SR, Arribére MA, Calvelo S et al (1995) Elemental composition of lichens at Nahuel Huapi National Park, Patagonia, Argentina. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 198:437–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Loppi S, Pirintosos SA, Dominicis V (1999) Soil contribution to the elements composition of epiphytic lichens (Tuscany, Central Italy). Environ Monit Assess 58:121–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lovett AA, Foxall CD, Chewe D (1997) PCB and PCDD/F congeners in locally grown fruit and vegetable samples in Wales and England. Chemosphere 34:1421–1436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mastino G, Testa L, Michetti I et al (1987) Elementi in traccia nel particolato atmosferico in Italia. Acqua Aria 1:17–33Google Scholar
  21. Ogura I, Masunaga S, Nakanishi J (2001a) Atmospheric deposition of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans, and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls in the Kanto Region, Japan. Chemosphere 44:1473–1487CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ogura I, Masunaga S, Nakanishi J (2001b) Congener-specific characterization of PCDDs/PCDFs in atmospheric deposition: comparison of profiles among deposition, source, and environmental sink. Chemosphere 45:173–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Oliveira G, Branquinho C, Máguas C (1998) Sources of variability in sampling lichens for biomonitoring purposes. Cuadernos de Investigación Biológica 20:319–322Google Scholar
  24. Prussia CM, Killingbeck KT (1991) Concentrations of ten elements in two common foliose lichens: leachability, seasonality, and influence of rock and tree bark substrates. Bryologist 94:135–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Sakurai T, Kim J, Suzuki N et al (2000) Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in sediment, soil, fish, shellfish and crab samples from Tokyo Bay area, Japan. Chemosphere 40:627–640CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Senthilkumar K, Iseki N, Hayama S et al (2002) Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls in livers of birds from Japan. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 42:244–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Stone SF, Freitas MC, Parr MR, Zeisler R (1995) Elemental characterization of a candidate lichen research material–IAEA 336. Fresen J Anal Chem 352:277–281Google Scholar
  28. Tyler G (1989) Uptake, retention and toxicity of heavy metals in lichens. A brief review. Water Air Soil Pollut 47:321–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. WHO (1992) Toxic Substances Journal 12. Special Issue: Tolerable Daily Intake of PCDDs and PCDFs (Guest Editors: Ulf G. Ahlborg, Renate D. Kimbrough, Erkki Ytjanheikki). Taylor 62 Francis, Basingstoke Hampshire, UKGoogle Scholar
  30. WHO (2007) Dioxins and their effects on human health. Fact sheet 225Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sofia Augusto
    • 1
  • Cristina Máguas
    • 1
  • Cristina Branquinho
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Sciences, Centre for Environmental Biology (CBA)University of LisbonLisbonPortugal

Personalised recommendations