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Ecotoxicology

, Volume 15, Issue 7, pp 583–591 | Cite as

Application of in-situ bioassays with macrophytes in aquatic mesocosm studies

  • Anja CoorsEmail author
  • Jochen Kuckelkorn
  • Monika Hammers-Wirtz
  • Tido Strauss
Article

Abstract

Aquatic mesocosm studies assess ecotoxicological effects of chemicals by using small artificial ponds as models of lentic ecosystems. In this study, methods of controlled insertion of macrophytes within an outdoor mesocosm study were explored. Although analytically confirmed concentrations of the model herbicide terbuthylazine were high enough to expect direct effects on phytoplankton, functional parameters and dominant taxa abundance indicated only minor and transient effects. In-situ assays with Lemna minor, Myriophyllum spicatum, Potamogeton lucens and Chara globularis revealed adverse effects at concentrations in accordance with literature data. Complex interactions such as nutrient limitation and competition were possible reasons for the observed growth promotion at the lower concentration of about 5 μg/l terbuthylazine. The approach of macrophyte in-situ bioassays within a mesocosm study proved to be applicable. Presumed advantages are simultaneous acquisition of toxicity data for several species of aquatic plants under more realistic conditions compared to laboratory tests and inclusion of macrophytes as important structural and functional components in mesocosms while limiting their domination of the model ecosystem.

Keywords

Herbicide Macrophyte Terbuthylazine Functional redundancy Mesocosm 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Dick Belgers, Alterra, Wageningen, NL, for supply of Chara globularis and Thomas La Point for comments and editorial help with an earlier version of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anja Coors
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jochen Kuckelkorn
    • 1
  • Monika Hammers-Wirtz
    • 1
  • Tido Strauss
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute for Ecosystem Analysis and Assessment (gaiac), c/o Institute of Environmental ResearchRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.Laboratory of Aquatic EcologyCatholic University LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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