De Economist

, Volume 166, Issue 1, pp 89–109 | Cite as

Ex-Post Evaluation of Competition Law Enforcement Effects in the German Packaging Waste Compliance Scheme Market

  • Arno Rasek
  • Florian SmudaEmail author


We provide an ex-post evaluation of the impact of competition law enforcement activities in the German packaging waste compliance scheme market. Until 2003, the non-profit compliance scheme DSD enjoyed a monopoly in the market. Numerous antitrust cases, however, paved the way for competitive market structures. We show that these enforcement activities resulted in a series of market entries since 2004, a corresponding drop in DSD’s market share, increased innovation and substantial efficiencies. Furthermore, we apply a difference-in-differences approach to show that prices decreased by 63% and to estimate the aggregated consumer welfare gains achieved by 2011 at a total of €13 billion. In the given case imposing a non-profit obligation on the monopolist did not substitute for the efficiency-enhancing effects of competition.


Ex post evaluation Competition law enforcement Compliance scheme Packaging waste Non-profit company De-monopolization Consumer welfare effects 

JEL Classification

D4 L4 L43 L9 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bundeskartellamt (German Federal Cartel Office)BonnGermany

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