Advertisement

De Economist

, Volume 155, Issue 2, pp 207–219 | Cite as

Explaining Sunday Shop Policies

  • Elbert DijkgraafEmail author
  • Raymond Gradus
Open Access
Article

Summary

Sunday shop opening is deregulated to the municipal level in the Netherlands. Despite positive effects on economic growth and employment, many municipalities restrict Sunday shop opening. Based on 2003 data we will show that diverse local characteristics, as the size of municipalities and religious and political affiliation, play a major role in decisions about Sunday shop opening. The evidence is consistent with the hypothesis that municipal control results in a considerable variation in policies. As this variation is related to significant differences between municipalities, reasons exist to decentralize the decision on Sunday shopping opening.

Keywords

economic regulation decentralization Sunday opening 

JEL Code(s)

D78 L51 

References

  1. Burda, M.C. (2000), ‘Product Market Regulation and Labour Market Outcomes,’ CESifo Working Paper 230.Google Scholar
  2. Clemenz G. (1994) ‘Competition via Shopping Hours: A Case for Regulation?’. Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 150: 625–641Google Scholar
  3. Cnossen, S. (2002), ‘Tax Policy in the European Union,’ CESifo Working Paper Series 758.Google Scholar
  4. De Meza D. (1984) ‘The Fourth Commandment: Is it Pareto Efficient?’. Economic Journal 94: 379–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Eurostat (2003) ‘Time Use at Different Stages of Life’. Eurostat, LuxembourgGoogle Scholar
  6. Ferris J.S. (1991) ‘On the Economics of Regulated Early Closing Hours: Some Evidence from Canada’. Applied Economics 23: 1393–1400Google Scholar
  7. Ferris J.S. (2000) ‘The Determinants of Cross Border Shopping: Implications for Tax Revenues and Institutional Change’. National Tax Journal 53: 801–824Google Scholar
  8. Goos M. (2005) ‘The Impact of Shop Closing Hours on Labour and Product Markets’. London, London School of EconomicsGoogle Scholar
  9. Gradus R.H.J.M. (1996) ‘The Economic Effects of Extending Shop Opening Hours’. Journal of Economics 64: 247–263Google Scholar
  10. Greene W.H. (1997) ‘Econometric Analysis’. New York, Prentice HallGoogle Scholar
  11. Gruber, J. and D.M. Hungerman (2006), ‘The Church vs the Mall: What Happens When Religion Faces Increased Secular Competition,’ NBER Working paper series, no. 12410, New York, National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
  12. Grünhagen M., Grove S.J., Gentry J.W. (2003), ‘The Dynamics of Store Hour Changes and Consumption Behavior’. European Journal of Marketing 37: 1801–1817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jacobsen J.P., Kooreman P. (2005), ‘Timing Constraints and the Allocation of Time: The Effects of Changing Shopping Hours Regulations in The Netherlands’. European Economic Review 49: 9–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kay J.A., Morris C.N. (1987) ‘The Economic Efficiency of Sunday Trading Restrictions’. Journal of Industrial Economics 36: 113–129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Morrison S.A., Newman R.J. (1983) ‘Hours of Operation Restrictions and Competition Among Retail Stores’. Economic Inquiry 21: 107–114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nooteboom B. (1983) ‘Trading Hours and Economy of Scale in Retailing’. European Small Business Review 1: 57–62Google Scholar
  17. Oates W.E. (1969), ‘The Effects of Property Taxes and Local Public Spending on Property Values: An Empirical Test of Tax Capitalization and the Tiebout Hypothesis’. Journal of Political Economy 77: 957–970CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Price J., Yandle B. (1987) ‘Labour Markets and Sunday Closing Laws’. Journal of Labor Research 8: 407–414Google Scholar
  19. Skuterud M. (2005), ‘The Impact of Sunday Shopping Deregulation on Employment and Hours of Work in the Retail Industry: Evidence from Canada’. European Economic Review 49: 1953–1978CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Tanguay G.A., Vallée L., Lanoie P. (1995), ‘Shopping Hours and Price Levels in the Retailing Industry: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis’. Economic Inquiry 33: 516–524Google Scholar
  21. Thum M.P., Weichenrieder A. (1997) ‘Dinkies and housewives: The Regulation of Shopping Hours’. Kyklos 50: 539–559CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Thurik R. (1984), ‘Labour Productivity, Economies of Scale and Opening Time in Large Retail Establishments’. The Services Industries Journal 1: 19–29Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SEOR-ECRiErasmus University RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Tinbergen InstituteErasmus University RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Vrije Universiteit AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Erasmus University Rotterdam (ECRi)RotterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations