Economic Change and Restructuring

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 189–220 | Cite as

Optimal environment-friendly economic restructuring: the United States–China cooperation case study

  • Alexander VaninskyEmail author


This paper discusses a model for the restructuring of national economies for the purpose of achieving optimal growth under conditions of decreased energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. The discussion combines input–output and factorial-decomposition models, and applies projected gradient and factor analysis to find the optimal structural changes that serve all three goals. A comparative analysis of the economies of the United States and China, including opportunities for cooperative restructuring, serves as a case study.


Optimal economic growth Environmental protection Economic restructuring International cooperation 


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mathematics DepartmentCity University of New York, Hostos Community CollegeBronxUSA

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