A ‘cutt’ above the rest: theory, practice, and challenges of naming species of iconic trout
An encounter with a native Cutthroat Trout in a beautiful mountain stream is a rare and precious experience that ignites passion in anglers, outdoor enthusiasts, and scientists alike. For years, natural historians and biologists sought a logical and objective taxonomic framework that accounted for extensive phenotypic variation of Cutthroat Trout Oncorhynchus clarkii (Richardson 1836) observed across its geographic range in western North America. All the while, these iconic fish were propagated by the millions in hatcheries and transported en masseacross drainage boundaries to provide food and recreation for European settlers. At the same time, natural ecosystems were radically transformed to support agricultural, municipal and industrial development and mining. Coincident fragmentation and loss of instream and riparian habitat now threaten the persistence of trout. These interwoven contextual threads lend a sense of urgency to this book that emerged from a special workshop convened...
- Richardson J (1836) The Fish. In: Fauna Boreali-Americana; or the zoology of the northern parts of British America: containing descriptions of the objects of natural history collected on the late northern land expeditions, under the command of Sir John Franklin, R.N. J. Bentley, London. Part 3:i-xv + 1–327Google Scholar