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Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 101, Issue 3, pp 469–488 | Cite as

Trace element and strontium isotopic analysis of Gulf Sturgeon fin rays to assess habitat use

  • P. J. Allen
  • R. J. DeVries
  • D. A. Fox
  • R. I. Gabitov
  • W. G. Anderson
Article

Abstract

Trace element and 87Sr/86Sr isotope analyses of fish pectoral fin rays offer non-destructive methods for determining habitat use. In this study, water and fin ray samples were analyzed for Gulf Sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus desotoi from the Choctawhatchee River Basin (FL and AL, USA) and compared with reference samples from Atlantic Sturgeon A. o. oxyrinchus held at controlled salinities (0, 10, 33 ppt). Samples were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, with a multi-collector for 87Sr/86Sr. In water, Sr, Ba, Mn and Zn differed between freshwater and saline habitats, with increases in Sr and decreases in Ba, Mn and Zn. 87Sr/86Sr decreased upstream to downstream with lowest values in saline habitats. In the reference study, water trace element concentrations and 87Sr/86Sr corresponded to those in pectoral fin rays. 87Sr/86Sr was higher in pectoral fin ray than water, due to influence of diet, which differed with salinity. In wild fish, trace elements in pectoral fin rays indicated freshwater emigration to saline habitats primarily occurred in the second to third growth zone with some heterogeneity in the population (4% <0.3 years, 39% 0.5–1.3 years, 39% 1.5–2.3 years, 17% 2.5–3.3 years). Analyses of 87Sr/86Sr indicated initial locations of Gulf Sturgeon were in the middle river, with few fish in the upper or lower river. Most (74%) juvenile Gulf Sturgeon utilized more than one river region prior to freshwater emigration and 48% moved upstream temporarily based on increased 87Sr/86Sr. After initial freshwater emigration, fish utilized lower-river to saline habitats. Collectively, these studies demonstrate the usefulness of trace element and 87Sr/86Sr analyses in sturgeon pectoral fin rays.

Keywords

Gulf sturgeon Trace element Strontium Atlantic sturgeon Fin 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the National Marine Fisheries Service and Northern Gulf Institute for funding, grant#: NA11OAR4320199; Kent Ware and James Henne, US Fish and Wildlife Service Bears Bluff National Fish Hatchery, Wadmalaw Island, SC, USA for providing juvenile Atlantic Sturgeon; Zachary Mitchell, Heather Stewart, Daniel Aboagye, Shane Ramee, Michael Ciaramella, Charlie Culpepper and Mack Fondren and staff at the Mississippi State University South Farm Aquaculture Facility for assistance with fish care and sampling; Joseph Mitchell for expertise on micromilling; Panseok Yang at the University of Manitoba and Justin Glessner at the University of California Davis for assistance with ICPMS analyses, the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station (MAFES) and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Research Service and the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, State project#: 1005154 for facility support; Austin Omer for assistance with figures; and two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments in the review of this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. J. Allen
    • 1
  • R. J. DeVries
    • 1
  • D. A. Fox
    • 2
  • R. I. Gabitov
    • 3
  • W. G. Anderson
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and AquacultureMississippi State UniversityMississippi StateUSA
  2. 2.Department of Agriculture and Natural ResourcesDelaware State UniversityDoverUSA
  3. 3.Department of GeosciencesMississippi State UniversityMississippi StateUSA
  4. 4.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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