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Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 100, Issue 10, pp 1181–1192 | Cite as

Trophic state indicators are a better predictor of Florida bass condition compared to temperature in Florida’s freshwater bodies

  • Ross BoucekEmail author
  • Christian Barrientos
  • Michael R. Bush
  • David A. Gandy
  • Kyle L. Wilson
  • Joy M. Young
Article

Abstract

Forecasted increases in global temperatures will likely have profound effects on freshwater fishes. Overlaid on increasing global temperatures, human populations are expected to grow, which will increase anthropogenic nutrient enrichment in freshwater ecosystems. Florida (US) represents the equatorial range limit for many freshwater fishes, thus these species are potentially at risk to climate warming. Likewise, Florida’s population is expected to aggressively expand, increasing risk for nutrient enrichment. In this study, we examined whether maximum water temperatures or trophic state indicators (a proxy for nutrient enrichment) better explains variation in Florida Bass (Micropterus salmoides floridanus) condition across 23 different Florida freshwater bodies distributed throughout the state. Florida Bass lengths and weights, temperature, and chlorophyll-α, total phosphorous (TP), and total nitrogen (TN) measures were collected in the late summer and fall from 2010 to 2012. We described relationships between bass relative condition and environmental measurements (temperature, and trophic state indicators) across these lake-year combinations using linear and non-linear regressions. We found no significant relationship between temperature and bass condition (r2 = 0.01). However, we found that trophic state indicators did predict bass condition (r2 = 0.39–0.50). Though research is needed to more rigorously assess the effects of rising temperature on bass condition, our results may suggest that lake productivity is currently an influential driver on Florida Bass. As such, management efforts should continue to closely monitor and manage water quality and potential nutrient enrichment in Florida’s freshwater waters, as bass condition appears to be closely tied to lake productivity.

Keywords

Florida bass Lake productivity Florida Condition 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge Travis Tuten and the Florida Chapter of the American Fisheries Society for advising us on this entirely student lead paper. We also acknowledge Florida Fish and Wildlife Research Institute Long Term Monitoring Program for providing bass demographic measures and water temperature measures, Lakewatch and the South Florida Water Management District for providing water quality data. We also thank Jesse Blanchard and Crystal Hartman for their contributions to the manuscript. Electrofishing methods were approved by Florida International University Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC), protocol approval number, 12-030 and protocol reference number 200110. This project was developed with support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) Water, Sustainability, and Climate (WSC) program NSF EAR-1204762, and the Florida Coastal Everglades (FCE) Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) program (NSF DEB-1237517). This is contribution no. XXXXXX from the Southeast Environmental Research Centerat Florida International University.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ross Boucek
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian Barrientos
    • 2
  • Michael R. Bush
    • 3
  • David A. Gandy
    • 4
  • Kyle L. Wilson
    • 5
  • Joy M. Young
    • 6
  1. 1.Bonefish and Tarpon Trust, Florida Keys InitiativeMarathonUSA
  2. 2.School of Forest Resources and Conservation, Program for Fisheries and Aquatic SciencesUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Biological SciencesFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  4. 4.Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Fish and Wildlife Research Institute, Apalachicola Bay Field LaboratoryEastpointUSA
  5. 5.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  6. 6.Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation CommissionFish and Wildlife Research Institute, Tequesta Field LaboratoryTequestaUSA

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