Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 99, Issue 5, pp 509–511 | Cite as

Living in obscurity: Danté Fenolio— life in the dark

2016 John Hopkins University Press, 317 pp., $39.95 (hardcover)
  • Aldemaro RomeroJr.Email author
Book Review

The reduction and/or disappearance of phenotypic features is a biological phenomenon that has intrigued humans ever since prehistoric times. The earliest known anthropological representation of a creature showing the loss of phenotypic features dates back to ca. 22,000 YBP (Upper Paleolithic). It is a carved drawing of a wingless cave cricket, Troglophilus sp., on a bison (Bison bonasus) bone found in the Grotte des Trois Frères(Three Brothers Cave) in the central Pyrénées, France. Since then, we have witnessed how the study of organisms living in lightless environments went through a number of scientific historical periods. First was the age of exploration that characterized the Renaissance (ca. 1450–1650) in Europe and the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) in China, followed by the inclusion of these organisms into list of species and “bestiaries,” to using them as proof of Lamarckian ideas about “use and disuse” (an idea accepted by Darwin himself and his followers, particularly in North...


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Weissman School of Arts & SciencesBaruch College, City University of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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