Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 98, Issue 2, pp 535–546 | Cite as

Reproductive tactics of the freshwater fish Brycon guatemalensis (Teleostei: characidae) in the lake Nicaragua

  • Aldo Hernández-Portocarrero
  • Rosario Domínguez-Petit
  • Fran Soborido-Rey


The Machaca Brycon guatemalensis is a tropical freshwater fish widely distributed in Central America continental water, and recognized to have potentiality for further fisheries development and recreational fishing opportunities in the Lake Nicaragua. The species presents a protracted spawning season that last 8 months. Both small and large females start spawning activity in July, but this is females size-dependent. The female length at 50 % maturity based on histological procedures was 27.3 cm, which differs from the ones previously reported based on the gonad macroscopic observations (34.9 cm). The present study indicates that B. guatemalensis has determinate fecundity and group-synchronous type ovarian organization. The studies of the potential annual fecundity of the species show that this allometrically increases above three with female size, indicating that larger females produce more eggs than predicted by weight. These results can be incorporated in the current fishery management to promote sustainability.


Machaca Reproductive cycle Spawning fraction Somatic indices Reproductive potential 



The frame-work reference for this study was the project: “Apoyo a la actividad pesquera de las comunidades pesqueras artesanales del Lago de Nicaragua (Cuenca Río Mayales-Departamento de Chontales) y Río San Juan”, initiated in 2003 by the local institution (INPESCA- Instituto Nicaraguense de la Pesca y Acuicultura) and financially supported by the Spanish International Cooperation Agency (AECI) under the follow up of the Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas (IIM-CSIC).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aldo Hernández-Portocarrero
    • 1
  • Rosario Domínguez-Petit
    • 1
  • Fran Soborido-Rey
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas (IIM-CSIC)VigoSpain

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