Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 92, Issue 4, pp 425–435 | Cite as

Robert M. McDowall—taxonomist and biogeographer

  • Don J. Jellyman

Robert (Bob) McDowall died in Christchurch, New Zealand on 20 February 2011 after a short illness. Bob was a widely published author and an acknowledged world authority on the taxonomy and biogeography of freshwater fishes. In a preface to Bob’s recent magnum opus on the osteology of the galaxiids and allied genera (McDowall and Burridge 2011), the series editor, Peter Bartsch called him “a complete zoologist” and listed his knowledge and experience ranged from “taxonomy, biogeography and systematics to reproductive biology, behaviour, ecology, evolution, fisheries and conservation biology”. So, how did this talented and productive fisheries scientist come to acquire a profound knowledge of not only the freshwater fish fauna of New Zealand but of the southern hemisphere?

Bob was born on 15 September 1939 in Palmerston North in 1939, the second youngest in a family of five. Bob attended Victoria University of Wellington (1958–62), completing an M. Sc. in zoology. As a young scientist,...


Biogeography Taxonomy Systematics New Zealand Galxaias Native fish Introduced fish 


  1. Craw RC (1979) Generalized tracks and dispersal in biogeography; a response to RM McDowall. Syst Zool 28:99–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Jellyman DJ (2002) Bob McDowall—his contribution to New Zealand’s freshwater fish. N.Z. J Mar Freshw Res 36:1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Jowett IG, Richardson J (2003) Fish communities in New Zealand rivers and their relationship to environmental variables. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 37:347–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Leathwick JR, Rowe D, Richardson J, Elith J, Hastie T (2005) Using multivariate adaptive regression splines to predict the distributions of New Zealand’s freshwater diadromous fish. Freshwat Biol 50:2034–2052CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. McDowall RM (1964a) Affinities and derivation of the New Zealand freshwater fish fauna. Tuatara 12(2):59–67Google Scholar
  6. McDowall RM (1968a) The proposed introduction of the large mouth black bass Micropterus salmoides (Lacepede) into New Zealand. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 2:149–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. McDowall RM (1978a) New Zealand freshwater fishes—a guide and natural history. Heinemann, Auckland, 230 ppGoogle Scholar
  8. McDowall RM (1978b) Generalized tracks and dispersal in biogeography. Syst Zool 27:88–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. McDowall RM (1988a) Diadromy in fishes. Migrations between freshwater and marine environments. Croon Helm, London, 308 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. McDowall RM (1990a) New Zealand Freshwater Fishes: A Natural History And Guide. Heinemann-Reed, Auckland, 553 ppGoogle Scholar
  11. McDowall RM (2010) New Zealand Freshwater Fishes. In Noakes DLG (ed) An Historical and Ecological Biogeography, Vol. 32. Fish and Fisheries Series. Springer. 449 ppGoogle Scholar
  12. McDowall RM (2011) ‘Ikawai. Freshwater fishes in Maori Culture and Economy’. Canterbury University Press. 872 pGoogle Scholar
  13. McDowall RM, Burridge CP (2011a) Osteology and relationships of the southern freshwater lower eutelostean fishes. Zoosyst Evol 87:5–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. McDowall RM, Taylor MJ (2000a) Environmental indicators of habitat quality in a migratory freshwater fish fauna. Environ Manage 25:357–374PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

The papers and books of Bob McDowall

  1. Allibone RM, Crowl TA, Holmes JM, King TM, McDowall RM, Townsend CR, Wallis GP (1996) Isozyme analysis of Galaxias species (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) from the Taieri River, South Island, New Zealand: a species complex revealed. Biol J Linn Soc 57:107–127Google Scholar
  2. Crow SK, McDowall RM (in press) Ontogenetic changes in morphology of flathead galaxiid fishes (Osmeriformes: Galaxiidae) in South Island, New Zealand. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 45Google Scholar
  3. Gross MR, Coleman RM, McDowall RM (1988) Aquatic productivity and the evolution of diadromous fish migration. Sci 239:1291–1293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Jowett IG, Richardson J, McDowall RM (1996) Relative effects of in-stream habitat and land use on fish distribution and abundance in tributaries of the Grey River, New Zealand. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 30:463–475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kelly DJ, McDowall RM (2004) Littoral invertebrate and fish communities. pp. 25.1–25.14. In: Harding JS, Mosley MP, Pearson CP, Sorrell BK (eds) Freshwaters of New Zealand New Zealand Hydrological Society: New Zealand Limnological Society. Christchurch, N.ZGoogle Scholar
  6. King CM, Roberts CD, Bell BD, Fordyce RE, Nicoll RS, Worthy TH, Paulin CD, Hitchmough RA, Keyes IW, Baker AN, Stewart AL, Hiller N, McDowall RM, Holdaway RN, McPhee RP, Schwarzhans W, Tennyson AJD, Rust S, McAdie I (2009) Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. In: Gordon DP (ed) New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, pp 432–551Google Scholar
  7. Koehn JD, McDowall RM (2004) Invasive species: fish and fisheries: workshop overview, then and now. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 38:383–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lee DE, McDowall RM, Lindqvist JK (2007) Galaxias fossils from Miocene lake deposits, Otago, New Zealand: the earliest records of the Southern Hemisphere family Galaxiidae (Teleostei). J Roy Soc NZ 37:109–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Li J, McDowall RM (2010) Phylogenetic position of the enigmatic Lepidogalaxias salamandroides with comment on the orders of lower euteleostean fishes. Mol Phylogenet Evol 57:932–936PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. McDowall RM (1962) A redescription of the fresh-water red-finned bully Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby). Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 3:3–15Google Scholar
  11. McDowall RM (1964b) Affinities and derivation of the New Zealand freshwater fish fauna. Tuatara 12:59–67Google Scholar
  12. McDowall RM (1964c) A bibliography of the indigenous freshwater fishes of New Zealand. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 5:175–182Google Scholar
  13. McDowall RM (1964d) A consideration of the question “What are whitebait?”. Tuatara 12:134–146Google Scholar
  14. McDowall RM (1964e) Studies on the biology of the red-finned bully Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby). I—Habitat and species interrelationships. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 4:175–182Google Scholar
  15. McDowall RM (1965a) The composition of the New Zealand whitebait catch, 1964. New Zeal J Sci 8:285–300Google Scholar
  16. McDowall RM (1965b) Descriptive and taxonomic notes on Grahamichthys radiatus (Valenciennes), Eleotridae. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 7:51–56Google Scholar
  17. McDowall RM (1965c) A new species of Retropinna from Lake Omapere, North Auckland. Rec Dominion Mus 5:89–91Google Scholar
  18. McDowall RM (1965d) Studies on the biology of the red-finned bully Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby). II—Breeding and life history. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 5:177–196Google Scholar
  19. McDowall RM (1965e) Studies on the biology of the red-finned bully Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby). III—Food studies. Trans Roy Soc NZ Zool 5:233–254Google Scholar
  20. McDowall RM (1966a) Further observations on Galaxias whitebait and their relation to the distribution of the Galaxiidae. Tuatara 14:12–18Google Scholar
  21. McDowall RM (1966b) A guide to the identification of New Zealand freshwater fishes. Tuatara 14:89–104Google Scholar
  22. McDowall RM (1967a) New land-locked fish species of the genus Galaxias from North Auckland, New Zealand. Breviora 265:1–11Google Scholar
  23. McDowall RM (1967b) Some points of confusion in galaxiid nomenclature. Copeia 1967:841–843CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. McDowall RM (1968b) The application of the terms anadromous and catadromous to the southern hemisphere salmonid fishes. Copeia 1968:176–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. McDowall RM (1968c) Interactions of the nature and alien faunas of New Zealand and the problems of fish introductions. Trans Am Fish Soc 97:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. McDowall RM (1968d) Oceanic islands and endemism. Sys Zool 17:346–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. McDowall RM (1968e) The proposed introduction of the Largemouth Black Bass Micropterus salmoides (Lacepede) into New Zealand. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 2:149–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. McDowall RM (1968f) The status of Nesogalaxias neocaledonicus (Weber and de Beaufort) (Pisces: Galaxiidae). Breviora 286:1–8Google Scholar
  29. McDowall RM (1968g) Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns), the New Zealand whitebait. NZ Fish Res Bull 2, 84 ppGoogle Scholar
  30. McDowall RM (1969a) Extinction and endemism in New Zealand land birds. Tuatara 17:1–12Google Scholar
  31. McDowall RM (1969b) A juvenile of Aplochiton Jenyns. Copeia 1969:631–632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. McDowall RM (1969c) Lunar rhythms in aquatic animals—a general review. Tuatara 17:133–144Google Scholar
  33. McDowall RM (1970a) Comments on a new taxonomy of Retropinna (Galaxioidei: Retropinnidae). NZ J Mar Freshw Res 4:312–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. McDowall RM (1970b) The galaxiid fishes of New Zealand. Bull Mus Comp Zool 139:341–431Google Scholar
  35. McDowall RM (1970c) A second species of Galaxias common to Tasmania and New Zealand (Pisces: Galaxiidae). Rec Dominion Mus 7:13–19Google Scholar
  36. McDowall RM (1971a) Fishes of the family Aplochitonidae. J Roy Soc NZ 1:31–52Google Scholar
  37. McDowall RM (1971b) The galaxiid fishes of South America. Zool J Linn Soc 50:33–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. McDowall RM (1971c) The identity of Eleotris radiata Valenciennes (Pisces: Eleotridae). Copeia 1971:731–732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. McDowall RM (1972a) Freshwater fishes and rivers of Australia (by J.S. Lake)—a book review. Tuatara 19:128–129Google Scholar
  40. McDowall RM (1972b) The species problem in freshwater fishes, and the taxonomy of diadromous and lacustrine populations of Galaxias maculatus (Jenyns). J Roy Soc NZ 2:325–367Google Scholar
  41. McDowall RM (1972c) The taxonomy of estuarine and brackish-lake Retropinna from New Zealand (Galaxioidei: Retropinnidae). J Roy Soc NZ 2:501–531Google Scholar
  42. McDowall RM (1973a) Designation of a lectotype for Eleotris gobioides Valenciennes (Pisces, Eleotridae). Copeia 1973:169–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. McDowall RM (1973b) Galaxias indicus Day, 1888—a nomen dubium. J Roy Soc NZ 3:191–192Google Scholar
  44. McDowall RM (1973c) Limitation of the genus Brachygalaxias Eigenmann, 1928 (Pisces: Galaxiidae). J Roy Soc NZ 3:193–197Google Scholar
  45. McDowall RM (1973d) Proposed suppression of the name Galaxias delfini Philippi 1895 (Pisces: Galaxiidae). Z.N.(S.) 1877. Bull Zool Nom 30:88–89Google Scholar
  46. McDowall RM (1973e) Relationships and taxonomy of the New Zealand torrentfish, Cheimarrichthys fosteri Haast (Pisces: Mugiloididae). J Roy Soc NZ 3:199–217Google Scholar
  47. McDowall RM (1973f) The status of the South African galaxiid (Pisces: Galaxiidae). Ann Cape Province Mus 9:91–101Google Scholar
  48. McDowall RM (1973g) Zoogeography and taxonomy. Tuatara 20:88–96Google Scholar
  49. McDowall RM (1974) Specialization in the dentition of the Southern graylings-genus Prototroctes (Galaxioidei: Prototroctidae). J Fish Biol 6:209–213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. McDowall RM (1975a) Gerald Stokell’s Freshwater and diadromous fishes of New Zealand in the context of his other published works, with a bibliography of his publications. J Roy Soc NZ 5:219–223Google Scholar
  51. McDowall RM (1975b) A revision of the New Zealand species of Gobiomorphus (Pisces: Eleotridae). Rec Nat Mus NZ 1:1–32Google Scholar
  52. McDowall RM (1976a) Fishes of the family Prototroctidae (Salmoniformes). Aust J Mar Freshw Res 27:641–659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. McDowall RM (1976b) Notes on some Galaxias fossils from the Pliocene of New Zealand. J Roy Soc N Z 6:17–22Google Scholar
  54. McDowall RM (1976c) The role of estuaries in the life cycles of fishes in New Zealand. Proc NZ Ecol Soc 23:27–32Google Scholar
  55. McDowall RM (1976d) The status of Stromateus maculatus Forster—a fish from New South Wales. J Roy Soc NZ 6:489–491Google Scholar
  56. McDowall RM (1976e) The taxonomic status of the Galaxias populations in the Rio Calle Calle, Chile (Pisces: Galaxiidae). Stud Neotr Fauna 11:173–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. McDowall RM (1977) The possible effects on fishes and eucalypt enrichment of New Zealand beech forests. NZ J Forest 22:45–52Google Scholar
  58. McDowall RM (1978c) New Zealand freshwater fishes: a guide and natural history. Heinemann Educational, Auckland, 230 ppGoogle Scholar
  59. McDowall RM (1978d) Generalised tracks and dispersal in biogeography. Sys Zool 27:88–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. McDowall RM (1978e) A new genus and species of galaxiid fish from Australia (Salmoniformes: Galaxiidae). J Roy Soc NZ 8:115–124Google Scholar
  61. McDowall RM (1978) Patterns in the derivation of a New Zealand fish fauna. pp. 203–218 Proceedings of the international symposium on marine biogeography and evolution in the Southern Hemisphere, vol. 1, DSIR, Auckland, N.Z.Google Scholar
  62. McDowall RM (1978g) Sexual dimorphism in an Australian galaxiid. Aust Zool 19:308–314Google Scholar
  63. McDowall RM (1979a) The centrolophid genus Tubbia (Pisces: Stromateoidei). Copeia 1979:733–738CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. McDowall RM (1979b) Fishes of the family Retropinnidae (Pisces: Salmoniformes)—a taxonomic revision and synopsis. J Roy Soc NZ 9:85–121Google Scholar
  65. McDowall RM (ed) (1980a) Freshwater fishes of south-eastern Australia (New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania). Reed, Sydney, 208 ppGoogle Scholar
  66. McDowall RM (1980b) Mobil New Zealand nature series—freshwater fish. Reed, Wellington, 80 ppGoogle Scholar
  67. McDowall RM (1980c) Charles Douglas, explorer: his notes on freshwater fishes. J Roy Soc NZ 19:311–324Google Scholar
  68. McDowall RM (1980d) First adults of Schedophilus maculatus Guenther, 1860 (Stromateoidei: Centrolophidae). J Roy Soc NZ 10:141–151Google Scholar
  69. McDowall RM (1980e) Freshwater fishes and plate tectonics in the south western Pacific. Palaeog Palaeoc Palaeoe 31:337–351CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. McDowall RM (1980f) Seriolella caerulea Guichenot, 1848 in New Zealand waters (Stromateoidei: Centrolophidae). J Roy Soc NZ 10:65–74Google Scholar
  71. McDowall RM (1981a) Foreword. pp. 197. In: Berra TM (ed) An atlas of distribution of the freshwater fish families of the world. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, NebraskaGoogle Scholar
  72. McDowall RM (1981b) Nomina nuda and the availability of lizard names; Comment. NZ J Zool 8:127–128Google Scholar
  73. McDowall RM (1981c) The relationships of Australian freshwater fishes. pp. 1253–1273. In: R.A. Keast (ed.) Ecological Biogeography of Australia. Mono Biol 41:1253–1273Google Scholar
  74. McDowall RM (1981d) A sub-dorsal fin pore-canal system in Schedophilus maculatus Günther (Pisces: Centrolophidae). Copeia 1981:492–494CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. McDowall RM (1982) The centrolophid fishes of New Zealand (Pisces: Stromateoidei). J Roy Soc NZ 12:103–142Google Scholar
  76. McDowall RM (1983) La faune exotique des poissons d’eau douce de Nouvelle Zelande son histoire et son impact. Comp Rend Soc Biogeo 59:223–230Google Scholar
  77. McDowall RM (1984a) Trout in New Zealand waters: the biology and management of trout in New Zealand’s lakes and rivers. Wetland, Wellington, 120 ppGoogle Scholar
  78. McDowall RM (1984b) The New Zealand whitebait book. Reed, Wellington, 210 ppGoogle Scholar
  79. McDowall RM (1984c) Designing reserves for freshwater fish in New Zealand. J Roy Soc NZ 14:17–27Google Scholar
  80. McDowall RM (1984d) Exotic fishes: the New Zealand experience. In: Courtenay WR, Stauffer JR (eds) Distribution, biology and management of exotic fishes. John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA, pp 200–214Google Scholar
  81. McDowall RM (1984e) Galaxiidae. pp. 126–127. In: Daget J, Gosse JP, Thys van den Audenaerde DFE (eds) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of Africa. Orstom, ParisGoogle Scholar
  82. McDowall RM (1984) Southern hemisphere freshwater salmoniforms: development and relationships. pp. 150–153. In: Moser GH (ed) Ontogeny and systematics of fishes, American Society of Ichthyologists and HerpetologistsGoogle Scholar
  83. McDowall RM (1985) River estuaries in the life cycles of New Zealand fish species. pp. 557–570. In: Yanez-Arancibia A (ed) Fish community ecology in estuaries and coastal lagoons. Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico, UNAM Press MexicoGoogle Scholar
  84. McDowall RM (1987a) Book review: The biology of perch and related fish. By J.F. Craig, 1987. 333 pp. Croom Helm Ltd. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 21:647–8Google Scholar
  85. McDowall RM (1987b) Impacts of exotic fishes on the native fauna. In: Viner AB (ed) Inland Waters of New Zealand. DSIR, Wellington, N.Z, pp 333–347Google Scholar
  86. McDowall RM (1987c) The occurrence and distribution of diadromy in fishes. Am Fish Soc Symp 1:1–13Google Scholar
  87. McDowall RM (1987d) Zoogeography—the native fishes. In: Viner AB (ed) Inland Waters of New Zealand. DSIR, Wellington, N.Z, pp 291–306Google Scholar
  88. McDowall RM (1988b) Diadromy in fishes: migrations between freshwater and marine environments. Croom Helm, London, 308 ppGoogle Scholar
  89. McDowall RM (1990b) New Zealand freshwater fishes: a natural history and guide. Heinemann Reed, Auckland, 553 ppGoogle Scholar
  90. McDowall RM (1990c) Filling in the gaps—the introduction of exotic fishes into New Zealand. In: Pollard DA (ed) Introduced and translocated fishes and their ecological effects. Australian Society for Fish Biology, Magnetic Island, Townsville, Queensland, pp 69–82Google Scholar
  91. McDowall RM (1990d) Freshwater fishes and fisheries of New Zealand: the angler’s Eldorado. Rev Aquatic Sci 2:281–341Google Scholar
  92. McDowall RM (1990e) When galaxiid and salmonid fishes meet- a family reunion in New Zealand. J Fish Biol 37:35–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. McDowall RM (1991a) Freshwater fisheries research in New Zealand: processes, projects, and people. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 25:393–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. McDowall RM (1991b) The ii’s may have it at the end—patronyms should be amended only if demonstrably incorrect. NZ Natur Sci 18:25–29Google Scholar
  95. McDowall RM (1992a) Diadromy: Origins and definitions of terminology. Copeia 1992:248–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. McDowall RM (1992b) Global climate change and fish and fisheries: what might happen in a temperate oceanic archipelago like New Zealand. Geo-J 28:29–37Google Scholar
  97. McDowall RM (1992c) Particular problems for the conservation of diadromous fish: viewpoint. Aquat Cons 2:351–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. McDowall RM (1993a) Implications of diadromy for the structuring and modelling of riverine fish communities in New Zealand. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 27:453–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. McDowall RM (1993b) Native trout of western North America: [book review]. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 27:382–384Google Scholar
  100. McDowall RM (1993c) New Zealand’s quest for the rainbow’s end: [letter to the editor]. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 27:379–380CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. McDowall RM (1993d) A recent marine ancestry for diadromous fishes? Sometimes yes, but mostly no! Environ Biol Fish 37:329–335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. McDowall RM (1994a) Gamekeepers for the nation: the story of New Zealand’s acclimatisation societies 1861–1990. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, 508 ppGoogle Scholar
  103. McDowall RM (1994b) Correction of the type locality of Stokell’s smelt, Stokellia anisodon (Stokell) 1941 (Pisces: Retropinnidae). J Roy Soc NZ 24:261–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. McDowall RM (1994c) Distinctive form and colouration of juvenile torrentfish, Cheimarrichthys fosteri (Pisces:Pinguipedidae). NZ J Mar Freshw Res 28:385–390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. McDowall RM (1994) Family Centrolophidae. Fishes of Australia’s south coast 832–838Google Scholar
  106. McDowall RM (1994) Family Galaxiidae. Fishes of Australia’s south coast: 234–238Google Scholar
  107. McDowall RM (1994) Family Nomeidae. Fishes of Australia’s south coast: 838–843Google Scholar
  108. McDowall RM (1994) Family Prototroctidae. Fishes of Australia’s south coast: 233Google Scholar
  109. McDowall RM (1994) Family Retropinnidae. Fishes of Australia’s south coast: 232–233Google Scholar
  110. McDowall RM (1994i) Fish imagery in art 70: Polynesian Maori carving of the Maui myth. Environ Biol Fish 41:330Google Scholar
  111. McDowall RM (1994j) On size and growth in freshwater fish. Ecol Freshw Fish 3:67–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. McDowall RM (1994k) The origins of New Zealand’s chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. Mar Fish Rev 56:1–7Google Scholar
  113. McDowall RM (1994l) Salmons and their allies. In: Paxton JR, Eschmeyer WN (eds) Encyclopedia of fishes. NSW University Press, Kensington, NSW, pp 113–118Google Scholar
  114. McDowall RM (1994m) The Tarndale Bully, Gobiomorphus alpinus Stokell (Pisces, Eleotridae) revisited and redescribed. J Roy Soc NZ 24:117–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. McDowall RM (1995) Seasonal pulses in migrations of New Zealand diadromous fish and the potential impacts of river mouth closure. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 29:517–526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. McDowall RM (ed) (1996a) Freshwater fishes of south-eastern Australia. Reed, Sydney, 247 ppGoogle Scholar
  117. McDowall RM (1996) Ayson, Lake Falconer 1855–1927: Farm labourer, rabbit inspector, acclimatisation officer, fisheries inspector. pp. 24–25 The Dictionary of New Zealand biography. Volume three, 1901–1920, Auckland University Press, AucklandGoogle Scholar
  118. McDowall RM (1996c) Diadromy and the assembly and restoration of riverine fish communities: a downstream view. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 53:219–236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. McDowall RM (1996d) Etymology of some common names for New Zealand freshwater fishes. Pacific Sci 50:117–121Google Scholar
  120. McDowall RM (1996e) Threatened fishes of the world: Prototroctes oxyrhynchus Gunther 1870 (Prototroctidae). Environ Biol Fish 46:60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. McDowall RM (1996f) Volcanism and freshwater fish biogeography in the North Island of New Zealand. J Biogeol 23:139–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. McDowall RM (1997a) An accessory lateral line in some New Zealand and Australian galaxiids (Teleostei: Galaxiidae). Ecol Freshw Fish 6:217–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. McDowall RM (1997b) Affinities, generic classification and biogeography of the Australian and New Zealand mudfishes (Salmoniformes: Galaxiidae). Rec Aust Mus 49:121–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. McDowall RM (1997c) The evolution of diadromy in fishes (revisited) and its place in phylogenetic analysis. Rev Fish Biol Fish 7:443–462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. McDowall RM (1997d) Indigenous vegetation type and the distribution of shortjawed kokopu, Galaxias postvectis (Teleostei: Galaxiidae), in New Zealand. NZ J Zool 24:243–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. McDowall RM (1997e) Note of the conservation status of the giant bully, Gobiomorphus gobioides (Teleostei: Eleotridae). J Roy Soc NZ 27:163–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. McDowall RM (1997f) Two further new species of Galaxias (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) from the Taieri River, southern New Zealand. J Roy Soc NZ 27:199–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. McDowall RM (1998a) Driven by diadromy: its role in the historical and ecological biogeography of the New Zealand freshwater fish fauna. It J Zool 65:73–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. McDowall RM (1998b) Fighting the flow: downstream-upstream linkages in the ecology of diadromous fish faunas in West Coast New Zealand rivers. Freshwat Biol 40:111–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. McDowall RM (1998c) Phylogenetic relationships and ecomorphological divergence in sympatric and allopatric species of Paragalaxias (Teleostei: Galaxiidae) in high elevation Tasmanian lakes. Environ Biol Fish 53:235–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. McDowall RM (1999) Book review: Fish migration and fish bypasses. Edited by M. Jungwirth, S. Schmutz and S. Weiss. Fishing News Books, Oxford, 1998. J Fish Biol 54:1137–1138Google Scholar
  132. McDowall RM (1999b) The caudal skeleton in Galaxias and allied genera (Teleostei: Galaxiidae). Copeia 1999:932–939CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. McDowall RM (1999c) Diadromy and genetic diversity in Nearctic and Palearctic fishes. Mol Ecol 8:527–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. McDowall RM (1999d) Different kinds of diadromy: different kinds of conservation problems. ICES J Mar Sci 56:410–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. McDowall RM (1999e) Freshwater fishes as indicators of habitat health in New Zealand: the implications of being migratory. In: Holt A, Dickinson K, Kearsley GW (eds) Environmental indicators: Proceedings of the symposium. University of Otago, Dunedin, Environmental Policy and Management Research Centre, pp 83–84Google Scholar
  136. McDowall RM (1999f) Further feral poeciliid fish in New Zealand fresh waters, with a key to species. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 33:673–682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. McDowall RM (2000a) The Reed field guide to New Zealand freshwater fishes. Reed, Auckland, 225 ppGoogle Scholar
  138. McDowall RM (2000b) Biogeography of southern cool temperate freshwater fishes: evidence from macroparasitic faunas. J Biogeol 27:1221–1229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. McDowall RM (2000c) Biogeography of the New Zealand Torrentfish, Cheimarrichthys fosteri (Teleostei: Pinguipedidae): a distribution driven mostly by ecology and behaviour. Environ Biol Fish 58:119–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. McDowall RM (2000d) Gerald Stokell 1890–1972: horticulturalist, ichthyologist. pp. 499–500. In: Dictionary of New Zealand biography. Volume five, 1941–1960, vol 5. Allen and Unwin: Department. of Internal Affairs, WellingtonGoogle Scholar
  141. McDowall RM (2000e) Identity of the Smith of Galaxias smithii. Falk Is J 7:3–7Google Scholar
  142. McDowall RM (2001a) The Reed New Zealand nature series—freshwater fishes of New Zealand. Reed, Auckland, 95 ppGoogle Scholar
  143. McDowall RM (2001b) Anadromy and homing: two life-history traits with adaptive synergies in salmonid fishes? Fish Fisheries 2:78–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. McDowall RM (2001c) Diadromy, diversity and divergence: implications for speciation processes in fishes. Fish Fisheries 2:278–285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. McDowall RM (2001d) Getting the measure of freshwater fish habitat in New Zealand. Aquat Ecosys Health Manag 4:343–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. McDowall RM (2001e) New Zealand stream invertebrates: ecology and implications for management: stream invertebrate ecology comes of age (book review). NZ Sci Rev 58:29–30Google Scholar
  147. McDowall RM (2001f) The origin of the salmonid fishes: marine, freshwater....or neither? Rev Fish Biol Fish 11:171–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. McDowall RM (2001g) Parioglossus (Teleostei: Gobioidei:Microdesmidae) in New Zealand. NZ J Mar Freshw Res 35:165–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Water and AtmosphereChristchurchNew Zealand

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