Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 88, Issue 4, pp 305–309 | Cite as

Larval duration of the lionfish, Pterois volitans along the Bahamian Archipelago

Article

Abstract

Larval duration of the non-native Indo-Pacific lionfish was estimated from samples collected along the Bahamian Archipelago using sagittal otoliths. Settlement marks, characterized by daily growth increments with reduced coloration, less definitive margins, and a re-orientation of the growth axes and otolith shape, were determined for 28 individuals. Settlement age was between 20 and 35 days with a mean of 26.2 days. Comparisons of settlement age to other littoral and reef fish species suggest that lionfish settlement age is moderate to relatively low. Lionfish pelagic larval duration is apparently sufficient to allow their rapid establishment and wide geographic range in the western Atlantic and Caribbean.

Keywords

Larval duration Settlement mark Daily increments Invasive species Lionfish 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Many individuals aided in the gathering and processing of materials and in the preparation of this manuscript; but the authors accept sole responsibility for content. D. Squires sectioned, ground, and polished otoliths for our analysis. Members of the Reef Environmental Education Foundation, specifically L. Akins, heavily supported this research through collection of specimens. We thank the Department of Marine Resources, The Bahamas for permitting the collection of lionfish in Bahamian waters. Drafts of this manuscript were improved significantly by comments by R. Muñoz, G.B. Martin, B. Victor, T. Kellison, J. Govoni and three anonymous reviewers.

References

  1. Beamish RJ, Fournier DA (1981) A method for comparing the precision of a set of age determinations. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 38:982–983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Beamish RJ, McFarlane GA (1983) The forgotten requirement for age validation in fisheries biology. Trans Am Fish Soc 112:735–743CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brothers EB, McB WD, Sale PF (1983) Length of larval life in twelve families of fishes at “One Tree Lagoon”, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Mar Biol 76:319–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cowen RK (1991) Variation in the planktonic larval duration of the temperate wrasse Semicossyphus pulcher. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 69:9–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cowen RK, Paris CB, Srinivasan A (2006) Scaling of connectivity in marine populations. Science 311:522–526CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Epperly SP, Ahrenholz DW, Tester PA (1991) A universal method for preparing, sectioning and polishing fish otoliths for daily ageing. Dept. Comm., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-SEFSC-283, 15pGoogle Scholar
  7. Floeter SR, Rocha LA, Robertson DR, Joyeux JC, Smith-Vaniz WF, Wirtz P, Edwards AJ, Barreiros JP, Ferreira CEL, Gasparini JL, Brito A, Falcón JM, Bowen BW, Bernardi G (2008) Atlantic reef fish biogeography and evolution. J Biogeogr 35:22–47Google Scholar
  8. Freshwater DW, Hines A, Parham S, Wilbur A, Sabaoun M, Woodhead J, Akins L, Purdy B, Whitfield PE, Paris CB (2009) Mitochondrial control region sequence analyses indicate dispersal from the US East Coast as the source of the invasive Indo-Pacific Lionfish Pterois volitans in the Bahamas. Mar Biol 156:1213–1221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Green SJ, Côté IM (2009) Record densities of Indo-Pacific Lionfish on Bahamian coral reefs. Coral Reefs 28:107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kimura S, Tsukamkoto Y, Mori K (1989) Early developmental stages of the Scorpaeinid fish, Scorpaena moistoma, reared in the laboratory. Japan J Ichthyol 35:434–439Google Scholar
  11. Lester SE, Ruttenberg BI (2005) The relationship between pelagic larval duration and range size in tropical reef fishes: a synthetic analysis. Proc R Soc B 272:585–591CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Macpherson E, Raventos N (2006) Relationship between pelagic larval duration and geographic distribution of Mediterranean littoral fishes. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 327:257–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Morris JA Jr (2009) The biology and ecology of the invasive Indo-Pacific Lionfish. Ph.D. Dissertation. North Carolina State UniversityGoogle Scholar
  14. Morris JA Jr, Akins JL (2009) Feeding ecology of invasive Lionfish (Pterois volitans) in the Bahamian Archipelago. Environ Biol Fish 86:389–398CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Morris JA Jr, Whitfield PE (2009) Biology, ecology, control and management of the invasive Indo-Pacific Lionfish: an updated integrated assessment. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 99. 59pGoogle Scholar
  16. Morris JA Jr, Akins JL, Barse A, Cerino D, Freshwater DW, Green JL, Muñoz RC, Paris C, Whitfield PE (2009) Biology and ecology of the invasive Lionfishes, Pterois miles and Pterois volitans. Proc Gulf Carib Fish Inst 29:409–414Google Scholar
  17. Schofield PJ (2009) Geographic extent and chronology of the invasion of non-native Lionfish (Pterois volitans [Linnaeus 1758] and P. miles [Bennett 1828] in the Western North Atlantic and Caribbean Sea. Aquatic Invasions 4:473–479CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Schofield PJ, Morris JA Jr, Langston JN, Fuller PL (2010) Pterois volitans/miles. US Geological Survey Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Data Base, Gainesville, FL. http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.asp?speciesID=963. Accessed 25 Jan 2010
  19. Secor DH, Dean JM, Laban EH (1992) Otolith removal and preparation for microstructural examination. Can Spec Publ Fish Aquat Sci 117:19–57Google Scholar
  20. Snyder DB, Burgess GH (2007) The Indo-Pacific red Lionfish, Pterois volitans (Pisces: Scorpaenidae), new to Bahamian ichthyofauna. Coral Reefs 26:175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Victor BC (1986a) Duration of the planktonic larval stage of one hundred species of Pacific and Atlantic wrasses (family Labridae). Mar Biol 90:317–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Victor BC (1986b) Delayed metamorphosis with reduced larval growth in a coral reef fish (Thalassoma bifasciatum). Can J Fish Aquat Sci 43:1208–1213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Victor BC (1991) Settlement strategies and biogeography of reeffishes. In: Sale PF (ed) The ecology of fishes on coral reefs. Academic, San Diego, pp 231–260Google Scholar
  24. Victor BC, Wellington GM (2000) Endemism and the pelagic larval duration of reef fishes in the eastern Pacific Ocean. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 205:241–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Wellington GM, Victor BC (1989) Planktonic larval duration of one hundred species of Pacific and Atlantic damselfishes (Pomacentridae). Mar Biol 101:557–567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wilson DT, McCormick MI (1997) Spatial and temporal validation of settlement-marks in the otoliths of tropical reef fishes. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 153:259–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Wilson DT, McCormick MI (1999) Microstructure of settlement-marks in the otoliths of tropical reef fishes. Mar Biol 134:29–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© US Government 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Fisheries ServiceSoutheast Fisheries Science CenterBeaufortUSA
  2. 2.National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Centers for Coastal Ocean ScienceCenter for Coastal Fisheries and Habitat ResearchBeaufortUSA

Personalised recommendations