Threatened fishes of the world: Luciobarbus subquincunciatus (Günther, 1868) (Cyprinidae)

  • Brian W. Coad


Barb Water Abstraction Line Scale Commercial Catch Lateral Line Scale 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Common name: abou khazzama, a’djzan, nabish (Arabic), solimani, sos mahi (Farsi), bıyıklı balık, komando balığı, benekli barbus (Turkish); leopard barbel, spot barb, Mesopotamian barbel (E). Conservation status: Extirpated in the southern marshes of Iraq (Italy–Iraq 2006); almost disappeared in Syria (FAO 2007); Open image in new window rare in Turkish Tigris (Ünlü 2006); occasional in commercial catches in Iran, only six fish caught in 1990s, “critically endangered” (M. Ramin, personal communication 2000). Identification: Originally described in Barbus. Uniquely characterised by the quincunx-like pattern of spots. Branched dorsal fin rays 8, branched anal fin rays 5, lateral line scales 75–88. Inner pharyngeal teeth molariform, formula 2,3,3-3,3,2. Maximum length 60 cm. Illustration by Susan Laurie-Bourque. Distribution: Found in the Tigris-Euphrates basin of Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Iran. Habitat and ecology: Favours lentic, high oxygen habitats but may occur in reservoirs. Molluscivore based on teeth but also takes algae and detritus. Reproduction: Spawns in shallow gravel beds in April–May in Turkish Tigris River (Ünlü 2006). Threats: Use as food, habitat loss, eutrophication, dam construction and water abstraction. Conservation actions: Adults so rare in Iran aquaculture not feasible and fish released. Conservation recommendations: Surveys to determine spawning sites for protection.


  1. FAO (2007) Fishery country profile. The Syrian Arab Republic. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome. FID/CP/SYR, 14 ppGoogle Scholar
  2. Italy–Iraq (2006) New Eden Master Plan for Integrated Water Resources Management in the Marshlands Area, Volume 1, Overview of present conditions and current use of the water in the marshlands area, Book 4, Marshlands. The Italian Ministry for the Environment and Territory and Free Iraq Foundation. 278 ppGoogle Scholar
  3. Ünlü E (2006) Tigris River ichthyological studies in Turkey. A review with regard to the Ilisu Hydroelectric Project. Ilisu Consortium, Turkey. 34 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Canadian Museum of NatureOttawaCanada

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