Advertisement

Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 74, Issue 1, pp 79–88 | Cite as

Directional and Non-directional Movements of Bat Rays, Myliobatis californica, in Tomales Bay, California

  • A. Peter Klimley
  • Rebecca L. Kihslinger
  • John T. Kelly
Article

Synopsis

The goal of this project was to determine if bat rays, Myliobatis californica, display oriented movements and are thus a viable model species for the further study of geomagnetic topotaxis in elasmobranches. We tracked one male and three female rays during September 1998 and August and September 2001 in Tomales Bay, California. The rays exhibited two modes of travel: (1) rapid and highly directional movements in a straight line along the length of the bay and (2) slow and non-directional movements within small areas. Directional movements were defined as point-to-point vectors in the paths of the bat rays that were oriented in similar directions, and the distribution of these was clustered rather than dispersed and uniform. Mean rates of movement during directional swimming approached 0.5 m s−1. In contrast, vectors in the path of bat rays were at times oriented in varying directions, and a distribution of these was widely dispersed as we would expect if the rays were moving randomly. These were defined as non-directional movements. Oriented straight-line swimming is consistent with the species either being able to orient to the bathymetry of the bay or possessing a compass and (or) piloting sense.

Keywords

telemetry orientation navigation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Carey, F.G., Scharold, J.V. 1990Movements of blue sharks (Prionace glauca) in depth and courseMarine Biology106329342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gruber, S.H., Nelson, D.R., Morrissey, J.F. 1988Patterns of activity and space utilization of lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris, in a shallow Bahamian lagoonBull. Mar. Sci.436176Google Scholar
  3. Kalmijn, A.J. 1982Electric and magnetic field detection in elasmobranch fishesScience218916918PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Kalmijn, A.J. 1984Theory of electromagnetic orientation: a further analysisBolis, L.Keynes, R.D.Maddrell, S.H.P. eds. Comparative Physiology of Sensory SystemsUniversity PressCambridge525560Google Scholar
  5. Karl, S., Obreski, S. 1976The feeding biology of the bat ray, Myliobatis californica, in Tomales Bay, California Simensted, C.A.Lipovski, S.J. eds. Fish Food Habit StudiesFirst Pacific N.W. Technical WorkshopAstoria181186Google Scholar
  6. Klimley, A.P. 1987The determinants of sexual segregation in the scalloped hammerhead, Sphyrna lewiniEnviron. Biol. Fishes182740CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Klimley, A.P. 1993Highly directional swimming by scalloped hammerhead sharks, Sphyrna lewini, and subsurface irradiance, temperature, bathymetry, and geomagnetic fieldMar. Biol.117122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Klimley, A.P., Beavers Curtis, S.C. T.H., Jorgensen, S.J. 2002Movements and swimming behavior of three species of sharks in La Jolla Canyon, CaliforniaEnviron. Biol. Fishes63117135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Klimley, A.P., Nelson, D.R. 1984Diel movement patterns of the scalloped hammerhead shark (Sphyrna lewini) in relation to El Bajo Espiritu Santo: a refuging central-position social systemBehav. Ecol. Sociobiol.154554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Landesman J.G. 1984. Horizontal and vertical movements and seasonal population shifts in the blue shark, Prionace glauca, near Santa Catalina Island, California. Ph. D. Thesis, California State University, Long BeachGoogle Scholar
  11. Matern, S.A., Cech, J.J.,Jr., Hopkins, T.E. 2000Diel movements of bat rays, Myliobatis cailfornica, in Tomales Bay, California: evidence for behavioral thermoregulationEnviron. Biol. Fishes58173l82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Nelson, D. 1987The use of ultrasonic tracking in telemetry studiesHerrnkind, W.F.Thistle, A.B. eds. Signposts in the sea: proceedings of a Multidisciplinary Workshop on Marine Animal Orientation and MigrationTallahasseeFlorida118129Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Peter Klimley
    • 1
  • Rebecca L. Kihslinger
    • 2
  • John T. Kelly
    • 1
  1. 1.Biotelemetry Laboratory, Department of Wildlife Fish & Conservation BiologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisU.S.A.
  2. 2.Physiology & BehaviorUniversity of CaliforniaDavisU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations