Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 73, Issue 4, pp 427–436

Differences in life-history traits in two clonal strains of the self-fertilizing fish, Rivulus marmoratus

  • Ma.Vivian Camacho Grageda
  • Yoshitaka Sakakura
  • Masako Minamimoto
  • Atsushi Hagiwara
Article

Synopsis

We compared life-history traits such as fecundity, sex ratio, reproductive cycle, age at sexual maturity, embryonic period, egg size, early growth and morphology in two clonal strains (PAN-RS and DAN) of the mangrove killifish, Rivulus marmoratus, under constant rearing conditions. We found a positive relationship between growth and reproductive effort. Fecundity was significantly higher in the PAN-RS strain than in the DAN strain. The sex ratio was significantly different, with DAN producing more primary males than PAN-RS. Spawning and ovulation cycle did not clearly differ between the strains. PAN-RS showed a significantly higher growth rate than DAN from 0 to 100 days after hatching, however, age at sexual maturity, embryonic period, egg size, and morphometric and meristic characteristics (vertebral and fin-ray counts) did not differ between the two strains. The high fecundity of PAN-RS may provide an increased chance of offspring survival, while the attainment of sexual maturity at a smaller size in DAN may allow them to invest earlier in reproduction to increase breeding success. Variations in the life-history traits of PAN-RS and DAN may be adaptive strategies for life in their natural habitat, which consists of mangrove estuaries with a highly variable environment.

Keywords

mangrove killifish clone morphometry fecundity 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Belk, M.C. 1995Variation in growth and age at maturity in bluegill sunfish: Genetic or environmental effects?J. Fish Biol.47237247Google Scholar
  2. Billy, A.J., Crews, D. 1986The effects of sex steroid treatments on sexual differentiation in a unisexual lizard, Cnemidophorus uniparensJ. Morphol.187129142Google Scholar
  3. Cole, K.S., Noakes, D.L.G. 1997Gonadal development and sexual allocation in mangrove killifish, Rivulus marmoratus (Pisces: Atherinomorpha)Copeia1997596600Google Scholar
  4. Damsgard, B., Arneser, A.M., Jobling, M. 1999Seasonal patterns of feed intake and growth of Hammerfest and Svalbard Arctic charr maturing at different stagesAquaculture171149160Google Scholar
  5. Davis, W.P.D., Taylor, S., Turner, B.J. 1990Field observations of the ecology and habits of mangrove rivulus (Rivulus marmoratus) in Belize and FloridaIchthyol. Explor. Freshwaters1123134Google Scholar
  6. Gamito, S. 1998Growth models and their use in ecological modeling: An application to a fish populationEcol. Model.1138394Google Scholar
  7. Glazier, D.S. 1999Trade-offs between reproductive and somatic (storage) investments in animals: A comparative test of the Van Noordwijk and De Jong modelEvol. Ecol.13539555Google Scholar
  8. Grageda, M.V.C., Sakakura, Y., Hagiwara, A. 2004Early development of the self-fertilizing mangrove killifish, Rivulus marmoratus, reared in the laboratoryIchthyol. Res.51309315Google Scholar
  9. Harrington, R.W.,Jr. 1967Environmentally controlled induction of primary male gonochorists from eggs of the self-fertilizing hermaphroditic fish, Rivulus marmoratus PoeyBiol. Bull.132174199Google Scholar
  10. Harrington, R.W.,Jr. 1971How ecological and genetic factors interact to determine when self-fertilizing hermaphrodites of Rivulus marmoratus change into functional secondary males, with a reappraisal of the modes of intersexuality among fishesCopeia1971394432Google Scholar
  11. Harrington, R.W.,Jr. 1975

    Sex determination and differentiation among uniparental homozygotes of the hermaphroditic fish Rivulus marmoratus (Cyprinodontidae: Atheriniformes)

    Reinboth, R. eds. Intersexuality in the Animal KingdomSpringerNew York249262
    Google Scholar
  12. Harrington, R.W.,Jr., Kallman, K. 1968The homozygosity of clones of the self-fertilizing hermaphroditic fish Rivulus marmoratus Poey (Cyprinodontidae, Atheriniformes)Am. Nat.102337343Google Scholar
  13. Kallman, K., Harrington, R.W.,Jr 1964Evidence for the existence of homozygous clones in the self-fertilizing hermaphroditic teleost Rivulus marmoratus (Poey)Biol. Bull.126101114Google Scholar
  14. Karasov, W.H. 1986Energetics, physiology, and vertebrate ecologyTrends Ecol. Evol.1101104Google Scholar
  15. Koenig, C., Chasar, M. 1984Usefulness of the hermaphroditic marine fish, Rivulus marmoratus, in carcinogenicity testingNatl. Cancer Inst. Monogr.651533Google Scholar
  16. Kozlowski, J. 1992Optimal allocation of resources to growth and reproduction: Implications for age and size at maturityTrends Ecol. Evol.71519Google Scholar
  17. Leonardos, I., Sinis, A. 1999Population age and sex structure of Aphanius fasciatus Nardo, 1827 (Pisces: Cyprinodontidae) in the Mesolongi and Etolikon lagoons (W.␣Greece)Fish. Res.40227235Google Scholar
  18. Lin, H.C., Dunson, W. 1995An explanation of the high strain diversity of a self-fertilizing hermaphroditic fishEcology76593605Google Scholar
  19. Lin, H.C., Dunson, W. 1999Phenotypic plasticity in the growth of the self-fertilizing hermaphroditic fish Rivulus marmoratusJ. Fish Biol.54250266Google Scholar
  20. MacCulloch, R.D., Murphy, R.W., Kupriyanova, L.A., Darevsky, I.S. 1997The Caucasian rock lizard Lacerta rostombekovi: A monoclonal parthenogenetic vertebrateBiochem. Syst. Ecol.253337Google Scholar
  21. McAllister, D., Smith, C. 1978Mensurations morphologiques, dénombrements méristiques et taxonomie du coelacanthe, Latimeria chalumnaeNat. Can.1056376Google Scholar
  22. Murphy, R.W., Fu, J., MacCulloch, R.D., Darevsky, I.S., Kupriyanova, L.A. 2000A fine line between sex and unisexuality: The phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizardsZool. J. Linn. Soc.130527549Google Scholar
  23. Pothoff, T. 1984

    Clearing and staining techniques

    Moser, H. eds. Ontogeny and Systematics of Fishes.Allen PressLawrence3537
    Google Scholar
  24. Ricklefs, R., Wikelski, M. 2002The physiology/life history nexusTrends Ecol. Evol.17462467Google Scholar
  25. Ryan, M.J., Dries, L.A., Batra, P., Hillis, D. 1996Male mate preference in a gynogenetic species complex of Amazon molliesAnimal Behav.5212251226Google Scholar
  26. Sakakura, Y., Noakes, D.L.G. 2000Age, growth, and sexual development in the self-fertilizing hermaphroditic fish Rivulus marmoratusEnviron. Biol. Fishes59309317Google Scholar
  27. Shirota, A. 1970Studies on the mouth size of fish larvaeBull. Jpn. Soc. Sci. Fish.36353368Google Scholar
  28. Silverstein, J.T., Wolters, W.R., Holland, M. 1999Evidence of differences in growth and food intake regulation in different genetic strains of channel catfishJ. Fish Biol.54607615Google Scholar
  29. Sokal, R.R., Rohlf, F.J. 1995Biometry The Principles and Practice of Statistics in Biological Research2nd edition,W.H. FreemanNew York887Google Scholar
  30. Stearns, S.C. 1992The Evolution of Life HistoriesOxford University PressNew York246Google Scholar
  31. Strauss, R., Bond, C. 1990

    Taxonomic methods: morphology

    Schreck, C.B.Moyle, P.B. eds. Methods for Fish BiologyAmerican Fisheries SocietyMaryland109140
    Google Scholar
  32. Taniguchi, N., Yamasaki, M., Takagi, M., Tsujimura, A. 1996Genetic and environmental variances of body size and morphological traits in communally reared clonal lines from gynogenetic diploid ayu, Plecoglossus altivelisAquaculture140333341Google Scholar
  33. Taylor, D.S. 2000Biology and ecology of Rivulus marmoratus: new insights and a reviewFlorida Sci.63242255Google Scholar
  34. Tessier, A.J., Leibold, M.A., Tsao, J. 2000A fundamental trade-off in resource exploitation by Daphnia and consequences to plankton communitiesEcology81826841Google Scholar
  35. Turner, B.J., Elder, J.F., Laughlin, T.F., Davis, W.P. 1990Genetic variation in clonal vertebrates detected by simple-sequence DNA fingerprintingProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA8756535657Google Scholar
  36. Turner, B.J., Elder, J.F., Laughlin, T.F., Davis, W.P., Taylor, D.S. 1992aExtreme clonal diversity and divergence in populations of a selfing hermaphroditic fishProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA891064310647Google Scholar
  37. Turner, B.J., Davis, W.P., Taylor, D.S. 1992bAbundant males in populations of a selfing hermaphrodite fish, Rivulus marmoratus, from some Belize CaysJ. Fish Biol.40307310Google Scholar
  38. Weeks, S.C., Hutchison, J.A., Zucker, N. 2001Maintenance of androdioecy in the freshwater shrimp, Eulimnadia texana: Do hermaphrodites need males for complete fertilization?Evol. Ecol.15205221Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ma.Vivian Camacho Grageda
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yoshitaka Sakakura
    • 3
  • Masako Minamimoto
    • 1
  • Atsushi Hagiwara
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Science and TechnologyNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan
  2. 2.Animal Biology DivisionInstitute of Biological Sciences, University of the Philippines at Los BañosLagunaPhilippines
  3. 3.Faculty of FisheriesNagasaki UniversityNagasakiJapan (e-mail: sakakura@net.nagasakiu. ac.jp)

Personalised recommendations