Environmental and Resource Economics

, Volume 63, Issue 2, pp 367–393 | Cite as

Pro-environmental Households and Energy Efficiency in Spain

  • Ana RamosEmail author
  • Xavier Labandeira
  • Andreas Löschel


The residential building sector is a major driver of current and future energy consumption and associated emissions, which can be potentially mitigated through significant energy-efficiency (EE) improvements in both emerging and developed countries. Yet, there are several persistent barriers that hinder the attainment of EE improvements in this area. Using data from a 2008 national representative survey of Spanish households, this paper is interested in the determinants of EE-related decisions. In particular, a discrete-choice model empirically analyzes whether pro-environmental households are more likely to invest in EE and to adopt daily energy-saving habits. We show that households with eco-friendly behaviors are more likely to investment in well-differentiated EE measures as well as to steer daily habits towards energy savings. However, no effects are found for households with environmental attitudes based on stated willingness to pay to protect the environment. In addition to this, households belonging to higher income groups and education levels are more likely to invest in EE but not to adopt energy-saving habits; while households with older members are less likely to invest in EE and show fewer eco-friendly habits.


Energy efficiency Investment Behavior Habits 

JEL Classification

Q41 Q48 Q58 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Ramos
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Xavier Labandeira
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Andreas Löschel
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Facultade de CC. EconómicasUniversidade de VigoVigoSpain
  2. 2.Economics for EnergyVigoSpain
  3. 3.FSR-Climate (European University Institute)FlorenceItaly
  4. 4.Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM)University of MunsterMunsterGermany
  5. 5.Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW)MannheimGermany

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