Rule of Law and the Resource Curse: Abundance Versus Intensity


DOI: 10.1007/s10640-008-9231-y

Cite this article as:
Norman, C.S. Environ Resource Econ (2009) 43: 183. doi:10.1007/s10640-008-9231-y


We examine the ‘resource curse’ using new data on historic resource stocks and an improved econometric methodology. The paper distinguishes between resource abundance (stocks) and extractive intensity (flows), focusing on relationships between resources and rule of law. Previously unavailable information on past resource stocks is estimated. We find that economically large initial natural resource stocks are associated with subsequent lower levels of rule of law and do not directly affect growth, while raw resource exports do not have a significant effect on rule of law when stocks are included in the analysis but do affect average growth rates. Sample size is maximized through the use of an EMis (expectation maximization with importance sampling) algorithm to replace missing data, minimizing the bias and inefficiency associated with listwise deletion, which commonly eliminates half or more of the available data in this setting.


Cross-country comparisons Multiple imputation Resource curse Resource extraction Resource stocks Rule of law 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography and Environmental EngineeringThe Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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