This paper presents an empirical study of how three waste management policies have affected residential waste generation and recycling behavior in Taiwan over the past decade. The three policies are unit-pricing of garbage in Taipei, a mandatory recycling program in Kaohsiung, and a nationwide policy of charging for plastic bags. We estimate policy effects on total waste, total recycling, and recycling of four specific materials, all measured by weight per capita. Unlike prior work, we find that unit-pricing and mandatory recycling policies lead to significant increases in recycling of most materials, as well as increased levels of total recycling and garbage reduction. The “plastic bag” policy is generally found to lower material-specific and total recycling rates, as well as total garbage volumes.
recycling solid waste management unit pricing
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
The authors owe thanks to Justin Tobias, Satheesh Aradhyula, Gary Thompson, and an anonymous reviewer for many penetrating comments. The usual disclaimer applies.
Callan S. J., Thomas J.M. (1997) The Impact of State and Local Policies on the Recycling Effort. Eastern Economic Journal 23:411–423Google Scholar
Choe C., Fraser I. (1999) An Economic Analysis on Household Waste Management. Journal of Environmental Economics & Management 38:234–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Doe, J. (2004), ‘A Bag Habit We Need to Break’, Planet ArkGoogle Scholar
Fullerton D., Kinnaman T. C. (1995) Garbage, Recycling and Illicit Dumping. Journal of Environmental Economics & Management 29:78–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fullerton D., Kinnaman T.C. (1996) Household Responses to Pricing Garbage by the Bag. American Economic Review 86:971–983Google Scholar
Fullerton D., Wu W. (1998) Policies for Green Design. Journal of Environmental Economics & Management 36:131–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Herel, S. (2004), ‘Paper or Plastic? Pay Up’, San Francisco Chronicle, Nov. 20Google Scholar
Hong S., Adams R. M., Love H. A. (1992) An Economic Analysis of Household Recycling of Solid Waste: The Case Study of Portland, Oregon. Journal of Environmental Economics & Management 25:136–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hong S. (1999) The Effects of Unit Pricing System Upon Household Solid Waste Management: The Korean Experience. Journal of Environmental Management 57:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hong S., Adams R. (1999) Household Responses to Price Incentives for Recycling: Some Further Evidence. Land Economics 75:505–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jenkins R. R., Martinez S. A., Palmer K., Podolsky M. J. (2003) The Determinants of Household Recycling: A Material-Specific Analysis of Recycling Program Features and Unit Pricing. Journal of Environmental Economics & Management 45:294–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kinnaman T. C., Fullerton D. (2000) Garbage and Recycling with Endogenous Local Policy. Journal of Urban Economics 48:419–442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miranda M. L., Aldy J. E. (1998) Unit Pricing of Residential Municipal Solid Waste: Lessons from Nine Case Study Communities. Journal of Environmental Management 52:79–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miranda M. L., Everett J. W., Blume D., Roy B. A. (1994) Market-Based Incentives and Residential Municipal Solid Waste. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 13:681–698CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nestor V, Podolsky M. J. (1998) Assessing Incentive-Based Environmental Policies for Reducing Household Waste Disposal. Contemporary Economic Policy 16:401–412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reschovsky J. D., Stone S. E. (1994) Market Incentives to Encourage Household Waste Recycling: Paying for What You Throw Away. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 13:120–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Saltzman, C., V. G. Duggal and M. L. Williams (1993), ‘Income and the Recycling Effort: A Maximization Problem’, Energy Economics, 33–38Google Scholar
Sterner T., Bartelings H. (1999) Household Waste Management in a Swedish Municipality: Determinants of Waste Disposal, Recycling and Composting. Environmental and Resource Economics 13:473–491CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Strathman J. G., Rufolo A. M., Mildner G. C. (1995) The Demand for Solid Waste Disposal. Land Economics 71:57–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Van Houtven G. L., Morris G. E. (1999) Household Behavior Under Alternative Pay-As-You-Throw Systems for Solid Waste Disposal. Land Economics 75:515–537CrossRefGoogle Scholar