Association of learning styles with different e-learning problems: a systematic review and classification

  • Aditya KhampariaEmail author
  • Babita Pandey


Due to increase in complexity of modelling human behaviour in virtual environment, traditional or conventional didactic learning is limited in providing flexible or dynamic e-learning environment to students. Adaption of e-learning content with respect to several e-learning problems is open research problem in front of all of us. The purpose of this study is to review the learning styles having different classification methods associated with different e-learning problems. The open problems, challenges and prospective direction of e-learning research have also been described. Research papers from distinguished resources: Elsevier, Springer, Wiley, PubMed are reviewed and analyzed. The study examined the effectiveness of learning style and different classification methods in various e-learning problems. Different research papers have been classified based on learning style theories, adaptive classification methods, specific features and challenges faced in individual e-learning problems. 129 articles were studied and reviewed for meta-analysis. When adaptive and dynamic learning, blended with different learning styles and problems, then it’s found effective, which enhances learner’s performance and knowledge compared to traditional or conventional learning. This study supports researchers, academicians and practitioners in effectively adopting learning styles and method correspond to learning problems and provides a deep insight into its state of art.


Teaching/learning strategies Navigation Interactive learning environments Distributed learning environment Authoring tools and methods 



This study is supported in part by the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) India under major project contract number 02/138/2017-18/RP/Major.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Computer Science and EngineeringLovely Professional UniversityPhagwaraIndia
  2. 2.Department of CS&ITBabaSaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Satellite CampusAmethiIndia

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