Securing the information systems of libraries and the influence of tech-skills of librarians and users
- 37 Downloads
Advances in Information and Communication Technology have significantly affected the way information is acquired, processed, stored, retrieved, communicated as well as secured. This has changed the way Librarians handle and secure information systems while users are expected to have some level of information and communication technology skills to access and utilize information systems to their full benefits. This study investigated the influence of tech-skills of librarians and users in securing the information systems of selected Nigerian University libraries, employing multiple regression as well as mean and standard deviation involving a survey of 48 librarians and 44,508 registered users of purposively selected university libraries in South-west Nigeria. The study established that most librarians have basic information technology skills but are poor at advanced skills, furthermore, library users also have basic IT knowledge and skills but most users are fairly skillful at advanced information technology.Basic information technology skills of librarians did not significantly influence information systems security, whereas advanced information technology skills does.On users basic information technology skills, there is significant inverse influence on information systems securitywhile advanced information technology skills of users had significant positive influence on information systems security.The result also revealed that there was significant joint influence of basic and advanced information technology skills of librarians and users on information systems security. The study concludes that it is pertinent that librarians have advance skills in order to ensure secure information systems. The paper recommends structured training and capacity building initiatives to re-tool and up skill librarians.
KeywordsInformation system Information technology Security Skills Librarians Users University Nigeria
- Abelein, U., & Paech, B. (2015). Understanding the influence of user participation and involvement on system success–a systematic mapping study. Empirical Software Engineering, 20(1), 28–81.Google Scholar
- Adedoyin, S. O. (2005). Information and communication technology (ICT) literacy among the staff of Nigeria university librarians. Library Review, 54(4), 257–266.Google Scholar
- Adedoyin, S. O. (2006). ICT literacy among the staff of West African University Libraries.A comparative study of Anglophone and francophone countries. The Electronic Library, 24(5), 694–705.Google Scholar
- Adewole-Odeshi, E. (2014). Attitude of students towards e-learning in south-west Nigerian universities: An application of technology acceptance Model. Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal), 1035. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/1035. Accessed 6 Feb 2018.
- Ajidahun, C. O. (2007). The training, development and education of library manpower in information technology in university libraries in Nigeria. World libraries, 17(1). Retrieved from http://ojsserv.dom.edu/ojs/index.php/worldlib/issue/view/5. Accessed 4 Feb 2018.
- Ansari, M. N. (2013). ICT skills proficiency of library professionals: A case study of universities in Karachi, Pakistan. Chinese Librarianship: An International Electronic Journal, 36. Retrieved from http://www.iclc.us/cliej/cl36ansari.pdf. Accessed 28 Jan 2018.
- Asogwa, B. E. (2013). Electronic government as a paradigm shift for efficient public services: Opportunities and challenges for Nigerian government. Library Hi Tech, 31(1), 141–159.Google Scholar
- Bansode, S. Y., & Viswe, R. R. (2015). Exploring ICT literacy among library professionals working in University Libraries in Marathwada region. International Journal of Digital Library Services. Retrieved from www.ijodls.in. Accessed 4 Feb 2018.
- Educational Testing Service (ETS) (2007). Digital transformation: A framework for ICT literacy: A report of the international ICT literacy panel. Retrieved from http://www.ets.org/Media/Tests/Information_and_Communication_Technology_Literacy/ictreport.pdf. Accessed 4 Feb 2018.
- Fox, R. (2006). Vandals at the gates.OCLC Systems & Services: International digital library. perspectives, 22(4), 249–255.Google Scholar
- Gerolimos, M., & Konsta, R. (2008). Librarians’ skills and qualifications in a modern informational environment. Library Management, 29(8/9), 691–699. Retrieved from https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/01435120810917305. Accessed 6 Feb 2018.Google Scholar
- Ismail, R., & Zainab, A. N. (2011). Information systems security in special and public libraries: An assessment of status. Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Science, 16(2), 45–62.Google Scholar
- Kari, H. K. (2006). The academic librarian and the internet: A survey, attitude and impact in Nigerian universities. Asian Journal of Information Technology, 5, 1076–1081. Retrieved from http://medwelljournals.com/abstract/?doi=ajit.2006.1076.1081. Accessed 6 Feb 2018.Google Scholar
- Lamont, M. (2009). Gender, technology & libraries. Information Technology & Libraries, 28, 137–142.Google Scholar
- Liu, W &Cai, H. (2013). Embracing the shift to cloud computing: Knowledge & skills for systems librarians. OCLC Systems & Services: International Digital Library Perspectives 29 (1), 22–29.Google Scholar
- Lwoga, E. T., Sife, A. S., Busagala, L. S. P., &Chilimo, W. (2016). The role of universities in creating ICT awareness, literacy and expertise: Experiences from Tanzanian public universities.Google Scholar
- Mathew, K. S., & Baby, M. D. (2012). Developing technology skills for academic librarians: A study based on the universities in Kerala, India. Library Philosophy and Practice. Retrieved from http://unllib.unl.edu/LPP/. Accessed 28 Jan 2018.
- Nkamnebe, E. C., Okeke, I. E., Udem, O. K., & Nkamnebe, C. B. (2015). Extent of information and communication technology skills possessed by librarians in university libraries in Anambra state, Nigeria. Information and Knowledge Management, 5(9) Retrieved from http://www.iiste.org/journals/.
- Ramesh, B., Vinayagamoorthy, P., & Gopalakrishnan, S. (2007). ICT skills among librarians in engineering educational institutions in Tamil Nadu. DESIDOC Bulletin of Information Technology, 27(6), 55–64.Google Scholar
- Ramim, M., & Levy, Y. (2006). Securing e-learning systems: A case of insider cyber-attacks and novice IT management in a small university. Journal of Cases onInformationTechnology, 8(4), 24–34.Google Scholar
- Reilly, S. (2012). The role of libraries in supporting data exchange. In World library and information Congress: 78th IFLA General Conference and Assembly, Helsinki. Retrieved from http://conference.ifla.org/past-wlic/2012/116-reilly-en.pdf. Accessed 6 Feb 2018.
- Sabzwari, M. N., Bhatti, R., & Ahmed, B. (2012). ICT skills and computer self-efficacy of research students: The case of institute of pure & applied biology and biotechnology, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan. Library Philosophy and Practice. Retrieved from http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/. Accessed 4 Feb 2018.
- Schneckenberg, D. (2010). Overcoming barriers for eLearning in universities—Portfolio models for eCompetence development of faculty. British Journal of Educational Technology, 41(6), 979–991.Google Scholar
- Selwyn, N. (2009). The digital native–myth and reality.In Aslib proceedings (Vol. 61, No. 4, pp. 364–379). Emerald Group Publishing Limited.Google Scholar
- Skulmoski, G. J., & Hartman, F. T. (2010). Information systems project manager soft competencies: A project-phase investigation. Project Management Journal, 41(1), 61–80.Google Scholar
- Togia, A. & Tsigilis, N. (2010). Awareness and use of electronic information resources by education graduate students: preliminary results from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Retrieved from http://eproceedings.worldscinet.com/9789814299701/9789814299701_0058.html. Accessed 6 Feb 2018.
- Wilson, M., Scalise, K., & Gochyyev, P. (2015). Rethinking ICT literacy: From computer skills to social network settings. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 18, 65–80.Google Scholar