Education and Information Technologies

, Volume 23, Issue 5, pp 2235–2247 | Cite as

Effects of sociodemographic variables and Facebook group membership on students political participation

  • Qaisar Khalid Mahmood
  • Mazhar Hussain Bhutta
  • Muhammad Ahsan ul Haq


This research study was designed to examine manifestation of online and offline political participation of educated Pakistani youth. The second objective of the study was to locate variation in political participation of the students on the basis of sociodemographic variables and the membership of Facebook pages of the users. The population of the study was university students studying in various degree awarding institutes of Lahore city, capital city of the Punjab province. The data were collected through structured questionnaire from 1245 students of various university students. Factor analysis was performed to see the manifestation of both kinds of political participation. Independent sample t-test and one way ANOVA were used to see differences in political participation of the students based on their sociodemographic variables and membership of Facebook pages. The findings confirmed that university students practiced both kinds of political participation. However, they were more inclined towards online political participation than offline political participation. The results also approved that sociodemographic variables and the membership of Facebook pages had significant effect on online and offline political participation of the students.


University students Facebook usage Political participation 



The current study was a part of doctoral research project submitted by the first author in Institute of Social and Cultural Studies (ISCS), PU, Lahore for the award of PhD degree in Sociology.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qaisar Khalid Mahmood
    • 1
  • Mazhar Hussain Bhutta
    • 2
  • Muhammad Ahsan ul Haq
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of SociologyInternational Islamic University IslamabadIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of SociologyPMAS Arid Agricultural UniversityRawalpindiPakistan
  3. 3.Quality Enhancement Cell (QEC)National College of ArtsLahorePakistan
  4. 4.College of Statistical & Actuarial SciencesUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan

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