Wikipedia as a platform for impactful learning: A new course model in higher education
In January 2014, 62 students graduated from the first for-credit course dedicated to Wikipedia. Learning focused on improved consumption of information, and collaborative construction of knowledge using the Wikipedia platform. This paper investigates the design and implementation of this course model, while highlighting the benefits and challenges to students & faculty. In addition to 128 medical articles in Hebrew Wikipedia, already viewed over 1.4 million times, students reported a unique learning experience that sharpened their collaborative skills as well as academic skills. This paper also presents the findings of a related study that focused on students’ learning experience, long-term impact and productive teaching practices. The study results helped fine-tune the pedagogical and administrative aspects of the course, influencing both teaching practices and the learning experience. Finally, the course is discussed in a wider educational perspective, presenting insights regarding reuse of the model, scaling possibilities and suggestions for further research.
KeywordsWikipedia in higher education Active learning Collaborative learning Literacies
- Aibar, E., Lerga, M., Lladós, J., Meseguer, A., & Minguillón, J. (2013). Wikipedia in higher education: an empirical study on faculty perceptions and practices. EDULEARN13 Proceedings, 4269–4275.Google Scholar
- Bruns, A., & Humphreys, S. (2005). Wikis in teaching and assessment: The M/Cyclopedia project. In Proceedings of the 2005 international symposium on Wikis (pp. 25–32). ACM.Google Scholar
- Calhoun, C. (2014). Using Wikipedia in information literacy instruction tips for developing research skills. College & Research Libraries News, 75(1), 32–33.Google Scholar
- Chao, J. (2007). Student project collaboration using Wikis. Proceedings of the 20th Conference on Software Engineering Education and Training (CSEE&T 2007), Dublin, July 3–5.Google Scholar
- Chen H. L., Cannon D., Gabrio J, Leifer L, Toye G. & Bailey T. (2005). Using wikis and weblogs to support reflective learning in an introductory engineering design course. Proceedings of the 2005 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition, Portland, June 12–15.Google Scholar
- De Pedro, X., Rieradevall, M., López, P., Sant, D., Piñol, J., Núñez, L., et al. (2006). Writing documents collaboratively in Higher education (I): Qualitative results from a 2-year project study. Congreso Internacional de Docencia Universitaria e Innovación (International Congress of University Teaching and Innovation), Barcelona, July 5–7.Google Scholar
- Dooley, P. L. (2010). Wikipedia and the two-faced professoriate. In Proceedings of the 6th international symposium on Wikis and open collaboration (p. 24). ACM.Google Scholar
- Elgort, I., Smith, A. G., & Toland, J. (2008). Is wiki an effective platform for group course work?. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 24(2), 195–210.Google Scholar
- Evans, P. (2006). The wiki factor. BizEd, January/February, 28–32.Google Scholar
- Franklin, T., & Van Harmelen, M. (2007). Web 2.0 for content for learning and teaching in higher education. JISC www.jisc.ac.uk/media/documents/programmes/digitalrepositories/web2-contentlearningand-teaching.pdf. Accessed April 2016.
- Galway, L. P., Corbett, K. K., Takaro, T. K., Tairyan, K., & Frank, E. (2014). A novel integration of online and flipped classroom instructional models in public health higher education. BMC medical education, 14(1), 181.Google Scholar
- Heilman, J. M., & West, A. G. (2015). Wikipedia and medicine: quantifying readership, editors, and the significance of natural language. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 17(3).Google Scholar
- Jordan, A., Glenn, C., & McGhie-Richmond, D. (2010). The supporting effective teaching (SET) project: the relationship of inclusive teaching practices to teachers’ beliefs about disability and ability, and about their roles as teachers. Teaching and Teacher Education, 26(2), 259–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- McMullin, B. (2005). Putting the learning back into learning technology. In S. Moore, G. O’Neill, & B. McMullin (Eds.), Emerging issues in the practice of university learning and teaching (pp. 67–76). Dublin: AISHE.Google Scholar
- Parker, K., & Chao, J. (2007). Wiki as a teaching tool. Interdisciplinary Journal of e-learning and Learning Objects, 3(1), 57–72.Google Scholar
- Piech, C., Huang, J., Chen, Z., Do, C., Ng, A., & Koller, D. (2013). Tuned models of peer assessment in MOOCs. arXiv preprint arXiv:1307.2579.Google Scholar
- Sajjad, S. (2010). Effective teaching methods at higher education level. Available from Internet: http://www.wfate.org.
- Schaffert, S., Bischof, D., Buerger, T., Gruber, A., Hilzensauer, W. & Schaffert, S. (2006). Learning with semantic wikis. Proceedings of the First Workshop on Semantic Wikis – From Wiki To Semantics (SemWiki2006), Budva, Montenegro: June 11–14, 109–123.Google Scholar
- Seitzinger, J. (2006). Be constructive: Blogs, podcasts, and wikis as constructivist learning tools. Learning Solutions e-Magazine. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Joyce_Seitzinger/publication/200772664_Be_constructive_Blogs_podcasts_and_wikis_as_constructivist_learning_tools/links/0f31752d5e86b2970d000000. Accessed April 2016.
- Wikimedia Outreach Portal, Education, Historic Data (2015) -https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/Education/Historic_data/Table.
- Case studies on WEP Portal -https://outreach.wikimedia.org/wiki/Education/Case_Studies.
- Wikipedia five pillars of editing -https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Five_pillars.
- Wikidata -www.wikidata.org.