Investigational New Drugs

, Volume 32, Issue 6, pp 1167–1180

Targeting polo-like kinase 1 by NMS-P937 in osteosarcoma cell lines inhibits tumor cell growth and partially overcomes drug resistance

  • Valeria Sero
  • Elisa Tavanti
  • Serena Vella
  • Claudia Maria Hattinger
  • Marilù Fanelli
  • Francesca Michelacci
  • Rogier Versteeg
  • Barbara Valsasina
  • Beth Gudeman
  • Piero Picci
  • Massimo Serra
PRECLINICAL STUDIES

Summary

Background Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) has emerged as a prognostic factor in various neoplasms, but only scarce data have been reported for high-grade osteosarcoma (OS). In this study, we assessed PLK1 expression and the efficacy of PLK1 inhibitor NMS-P937 in OS. Methods PLK1 expression was assessed on 21 OS clinical samples and on a panel of human OS cell lines. In vitro efficacy of NMS-P937 was evaluated on nine drug-sensitive and six drug-resistant human OS cell lines, either as single agent or in combination with the drugs used in chemotherapy for OS. Results PLK1 expression was higher in OS clinical samples and cell lines compared to normal human tissue. A higher PLK1 expression at diagnosis appeared to be associated with an unfavourable clinical outcome. PLK1 silencing produced growth inhibition, cell cycle retardation and apoptosis induction in human OS cell lines. NMS-P937 proved to be highly active in both drug-sensitive and drug-resistant cell lines, with the only exception of ABCB1-overexpressing, Doxorubicin (DX)-resistant variants. However, in these cells, the association of NMS-P937 with DX was able to revert DX-resistance by negatively interfering with ABCB1 transport activity. NMS-P937 was also able to decrease clonogenic and migration ability of human OS cell lines. Conclusion PLK1 can be proposed as a new candidate target for OS. Targeting PLK1 in OS with NMS-P937 in association with conventional chemotherapeutic drugs may be a new interesting therapeutic option, since this approach has proved to be active against drug resistant cells.

Keywords

Polo-like kinase 1 Osteosarcoma Drug resistance NMS-P937 ABCB1 Novel therapeutic strategies 

Supplementary material

10637_2014_158_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (5 mb)
ESM 1(PDF 5154 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valeria Sero
    • 1
  • Elisa Tavanti
    • 1
  • Serena Vella
    • 1
  • Claudia Maria Hattinger
    • 1
  • Marilù Fanelli
    • 1
  • Francesca Michelacci
    • 1
  • Rogier Versteeg
    • 2
  • Barbara Valsasina
    • 3
  • Beth Gudeman
    • 4
  • Piero Picci
    • 1
  • Massimo Serra
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Experimental Oncology, Rizzoli Orthopaedic InstituteBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Human Genetics, Academic Medical CenterUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Nerviano Medical SciencesNervianoItaly
  4. 4.CBA Research IncLexingtonUSA

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