Pomegranate (Punica granatum) pure chemicals show possible synergistic inhibition of human PC-3 prostate cancer cell invasion across Matrigel™
- 416 Downloads
Four pure chemicals, ellagic acid (E), caffeic acid (C), luteolin (L) and punicic acid (P), all important components of the aqueous compartments or oily compartment of pomegranate fruit (Punica granatum), and each belonging to different representative chemical classes and showing known anticancer activities, were tested as potential inhibitors of in vitro invasion of human PC-3 prostate cancer cells in an assay employing Matrigel™ artificial membranes. All compounds significantly inhibited invasion when employed individually. When C, P, and L were equally combined at the same gross dosage (4 μ g/ml) as when the compounds were tested individually, a supradditive inhibition of invasion was observed, measured by the Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test.
Key wordscaffeic acid conjugated fatty acid ellagic acid luteolin punicic acid
- 2.Artik N: Determination of phenolic compounds in pomegranate juice by using HPLC. Fruit Processing 8: 492–499, 1998Google Scholar
- 5.Lansky EP, Jiang WG, Mo H, Bravo L, Froom P, Yu W, Harris NM, Neeman I, Campbell MJ: Possible synergistic prostate cancer suppression by anatomically discrete pomegranate fractions. Invest New Drugs 23(1): 11–20Google Scholar