Documenta Ophthalmologica

, Volume 133, Issue 3, pp 171–181 | Cite as

Electrophysiological testing of visual function after mirror telescope implantation: a case report

  • Jan Kremláček
  • Naďa Jirásková
  • Jana Nekolová
  • Radovan Šikl
  • Miroslav Kuba
Clinical Case Report



The implantation of an intraocular telescope increases life quality in patients with end-stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The present study monitored changes in electrophysiological markers of visual processing before and during seventeen months after a novel mirror telescope implantation in two patients (OV—male 90 years, MZ—female 70 years) with the final-stage form of AMD.


Visual evoked potentials were recorded to high-contrast pattern-reversal (PR-VEP for check size 40′ and 10′), low-contrast motion-onset stimuli (in visual periphery M-VEP M20°, and in central part M-VEP C8°), and event-related potentials (ERPs) in the oddball visual paradigm.


MZ’s more systematic responses showed attenuation and prolongation of the M-VEP M20° and the PR-VEP 40′ immediately after the telescope implantation with a slow amplitude recovery with unchanged prolonged latency. The implantation completely eradicated the M-VEP C8° without any restoration. The PR-VEP 10′ were not readable. Only a part of OV’s PR-VEP 40′ and M-VEP M20′ were of a repeatable and expected morphology. These OV’s VEPs were consistent with MZ’s findings. The ERPs did not show any effect of implantation in both patients. Post-implantation visual acuity and reaction time overcame the pre-implantation levels.


The mirror telescope preserved peripheral vision in contrast to classic telescopes; however, the telescope concurrently reduced the luminance of the magnified retinal image, which was likely responsible for the prolongation of the VEP latencies.


Intraocular mirror telescope Age-related macular degeneration Motion-onset VEPs Pattern-reversal VEPs Oddball ERPs P3b 



Lipshitz macular implant—intraocular mirror telescope OriLens


Age-related macular degeneration


Choroidal neovascularization


Visual evoked potential


Event-related potential


Pattern-reversal VEP

PR-VEP 40′

PR-VEP evoked by checkerboard of 40′ checks

PR-VEP 10′

PR-VEP evoked by checkerboard of 10′ checks


Motion-onset VEP


M-VEP evoked by central 8° stimulus

M-VEP M20°

M-VEP evoked by peripheral stimulus outside central 20°

Supplementary material

10633_2016_9563_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (194 kb)
Supplementary material 1 Supplementary Fig. A The small image in the upper left corner depicts the intraocular mirror telescope. The larger photo shows the insertion of the telescope through a corneal incision into the anterior chamber (PDF 194 kb)
10633_2016_9563_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (473 kb)
Supplementary material 2 Supplementary Fig. B An estimative illustration of a perceived visual scene using the LMI in an AMD patient. The original scene on the left (as may be observed by a healthy observer) is in the central part disturbed by illness such as AMD (shown in the middle picture). The right picture shows the image amplified by the LMI with preserved peripheral vision. However, this picture is also darker because the luminance of the projected central retinal image is reduced (PDF 473 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pathological Physiology, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec KrálovéCharles UniversityHradec KrálovéCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec KrálovéUniversity Hospital and Charles UniversityPragueCzech Republic
  3. 3.Institute of PsychologyAcademy of SciencesBrnoCzech Republic

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