Extrafoveal changes following intravitreal bevacizumab injections for macular edema secondary to branch retinal vein occlusion: an mfERG and OCT study
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To evaluate the functional and structural changes of extrafoveal macula after intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injection in patients with macular edema due to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) using multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) and optical coherence tomography (OCT).
A total of 19 eyes of 19 patients with macular edema due to BRVO received three consecutive IVB injections with a 6-week interval. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), mfERG, and fluorescein angiography (FA) were performed at baseline. The macular area was divided into four quadrants (Q1–Q4) based on FA. The mean retinal thickness (MRT) and mfERG parameters in each of the four quadrants were measured at baseline and 4 weeks after the third injection.
The MRT in the four quadrants improved significantly after IVB injections (p < 0.01 for Q1 and Q2, p < 0.05 for Q3 and Q4) compared to baseline. The significant improvements in mfERG responses were seen in Q1 and Q2. In Q1, there were 68 and 56 % improvement in N1 and P1 amplitude, respectively (p < 0.01). N1 and P1 amplitude in Q2 increased significantly by 43 and 46 %, respectively, compared to baseline (p < 0.05). The MRT and P1 amplitude were significantly correlated at baseline in Q1 and Q2, but no significant correlations were found after three IVB injections.
The injection of IVB improved functional and structural outcomes in the primarily affected half of the extrafoveal macula effectively. The measurements of structural and functional changes using mfERG and OCT may be appropriate for monitoring the effects of IVB injection in BRVO patients.
KeywordsBranch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) Intravitreal bevacizumab injection (IVB) Multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) Mean retinal thickness (MRT) Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT)
Conflict of interest
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
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