Post-neoliberal labor in Patagonia: informality and citizenship in the green economy
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This article examines post-neoliberal labor in Argentina by attending ethnographically to seasonal workers in the ecotourism destination of El Chaltén and Los Glaciares National Park. In Argentina, post-neoliberalism is associated with the presidential administrations of Néstor Kirchner (2003–2007) and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (2007–2015), which advanced a center-left political agenda ideologically opposed to the neoliberal reforms of the military dictatorship (1976–1983) and the Menem government (1989–1999). I argue that Kirchnerist post-neoliberalism has facilitated a vision of labor-based citizenship that is embraced but not realized by Patagonian tourism workers, drawing attention to the entrenched conditions of informality that exist within local and national contexts. The article contributes to scholarly debates about post-neoliberalism by highlighting the representational pluralism of Kirchnerismo and the conditions of receptivity under which this political ideology is refracted through local citizenship vernaculars.