Dialectical Anthropology

, Volume 31, Issue 1–3, pp 143–165 | Cite as

The Pan-African Brotherhood of Langston Hughes and Nnamdi Azikiwe



The African American Langston Hughes (1902–1967) and the Nigerian Nnamdi Azikiwe (1904–1996) were alumni of Lincoln University, transatlantic culture warriors, and literary collaborators. In their friendship of thirty years, the two leaders of twentieth century black discourse shared more in common than there had ever been in relationships between African and African American elites. Surprisingly, very little attention has been paid to the meeting of two great minds who individually and collectively stirred the imagination of their successors across Africa and the black Diaspora. By excavating the influences and unusual similarities in their childhood and adult experiences and by a close reading of their poetry, this paper examines the cultural kinship as well as the shared vision of social justice between Hughes and Zik.


comparative studies literary theory Diaspora transatlantic Pan-African brotherhood race ethnicity exile statesmen postcolonial psychoanalytic discourse poetics Nnamdi Azikiwe Langston Hughes 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Writing CenterCentral State UniversityWilberforceUSA

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