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The Proton Pump Inhibitor Lansoprazole Has Hepatoprotective Effects in In Vitro and In Vivo Rat Models of Acute Liver Injury

  • Richi NakatakeEmail author
  • Hidehiko Hishikawa
  • Masaya Kotsuka
  • Morihiko Ishizaki
  • Kosuke Matsui
  • Mikio Nishizawa
  • Katsuhiko Yoshizawa
  • Masaki Kaibori
  • Tadayoshi Okumura
Original Article
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

Background/Aims

The proton pump inhibitor lansoprazole (LPZ) is clinically used to reduce gastric acid secretion, but little is known about its possible hepatoprotective effects. This study aimed to investigate the hepatoprotective effects of LPZ and its potential mechanisms using in vitro and in vivo rat models of liver injury.

Methods

For the in vitro model of liver injury, primary cultured rat hepatocytes were treated with interleukin-1β in the presence or absence of LPZ. The influence of LPZ on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) induction and nitric oxide (NO) production and on the associated signaling pathways was analyzed. For the in vivo model, rats were treated with D-galactosamine (GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The effects of LPZ on survival and proinflammatory mediator expression (including iNOS and tumor necrosis factor-α) in these rats were examined.

Results

LPZ inhibited iNOS induction partially through suppression of the nuclear factor-kappa B signaling pathway in hepatocytes, thereby reducing potential liver injury from excessive NO levels. Additionally, LPZ increased survival by 50% and decreased iNOS, tumor necrosis factor-α, and cytokine-induced neutrophil chemoattractant-1 mRNA expression in the livers of GalN/LPS-treated rats. LPZ also inhibited nuclear factor-kappa B activation by GalN/LPS.

Conclusions

LPZ inhibits the induction of several inflammatory mediators (including cytokines, chemokines, and NO) partially through suppression of nuclear factor-kappa B, resulting in the prevention of fulminant liver failure. The therapeutic potential of LPZ for liver injuries warrants further investigation.

Keywords

Primary cultured hepatocytes Acute liver injury Lansoprazole d-galactosamine with lipopolysaccharide Inducible nitric oxide synthase Nuclear factor-kappa B 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported in part by grants from the Science Research Promotion Fund of the Japan Private School Promotion Foundation.

Funding

This work was supported in part by grants from the Science Research Promotion Fund of the Japan Private School Promotion Foundation.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richi Nakatake
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hidehiko Hishikawa
    • 1
  • Masaya Kotsuka
    • 1
  • Morihiko Ishizaki
    • 1
  • Kosuke Matsui
    • 1
  • Mikio Nishizawa
    • 2
  • Katsuhiko Yoshizawa
    • 3
  • Masaki Kaibori
    • 1
  • Tadayoshi Okumura
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryKansai Medical UniversityHirakataJapan
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Life SciencesRitsumeikan UniversityKusatsuJapan
  3. 3.Laboratory of Environmental Sciences, Department of Food Sciences and Nutrition, School of Human Environmental SciencesMukogawa Women’s UniversityNishinomiyaJapan
  4. 4.Research Organization of Science and TechnologyRitsumeikan UniversityKusatsuJapan

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