WDR34 Activates Wnt/Beta-Catenin Signaling in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • Xiaoling Luo
  • Yuting Liu
  • Shijie Ma
  • Lei Liu
  • Rui Xie
  • Shaochuang WangEmail author
Original Article



Wnt ligand binding initiates the interaction between Frizzled and Dvl proteins. However, the regulation of Frizzled–Dvl proteins interaction remains largely unknown.


The present study aims to elucidate the regulation of Frizzled–Dvl interaction by WDR34.


The protein levels of WDR34 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues were examined by western blot and immunohistochemistry. The effects of WDR34 on the growth and migration of HCC cells were examined using MTT assay and Boyden chamber assay. The interaction between Frizzled and Dvl was evaluated by immunoprecipitation and GST pull-down assay.


In this study, we have shown that WDR34, the binding protein of Frizzled (Fz) activated beta-catenin/TCF signaling by enhancing the interaction between Fz and Dvl2. WDR34 was found to up-regulate in HCC tissues, and its expression was negatively correlated with the survival of HCC patients. WDR34 promoted the growth, colony formation and migration of HCC cells. However, knocking down the expression of WDR34 inhibited the growth, colony formation and migration of HCC cells.


Taken together, this study demonstrated the oncogenic roles of WDR34 in the progression of HCC and suggested that WDR34 might be a therapeutic target for HCC.


Hepatocellular carcinoma Beta-catenin/TCF signaling WDR34 Cell growth and migration 


Author’s contribution

Shaochuang Wang designed this project. Xiaoling Luo, Yuting Liu, Shijie Ma, Lei Liu and Rui Xie performed the experiments.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and animal rights

All applicable international, national and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoling Luo
    • 1
  • Yuting Liu
    • 2
  • Shijie Ma
    • 1
  • Lei Liu
    • 2
  • Rui Xie
    • 1
  • Shaochuang Wang
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Gastroenterology, Huai’an First People’s HospitalNanjing Medical UniversityHuai’anPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Huai’an First People’s HospitalNanjing Medical UniversityHuai’anPeople’s Republic of China

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