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Correction to: Hospital Cirrhosis Volume and Readmission in Patients with Cirrhosis in California

  • Mike WeiEmail author
  • Jason Ford
  • Qihan Li
  • Donghak Jeong
  • Allison J. Kwong
  • Mindie H. Nguyen
  • Matthew S. Chang
Correction
  • 58 Downloads

Correction to: Digestive Diseases and Sciences (2018) 63:2267–2274  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10620-018-4964-0

The original version of the article unfortunately contained errors in ‘Severity of illness’ and ‘Hospital characteristics’ entries of Table 1. Corrected version of Table 1 is given below.
Table 1

Cohort characteristics by hospital cirrhosis volume 2009–2011

N = 69,612 patients

Bottom 90% hospital cirrhosis volume N = 45,550

Top 10% hospital cirrhosis volume N = 24,062

Readmission within 30 days (%)

8700 (19.1%)

4390 (18.2%)

Median number of unique patients with cirrhosis per hospital (interquartile range)

152.5 (43–286.5)

747 (619–1069)

Patient sociodemographic

Mean age, years (± SD)

60.12 (± 12.9)

58.17 (± 12.4)

Female (%)

17,730 (38.9)

8781 (36.5)

Race/ethnicity

 Caucasian (%)

31,812 (69.8)

16,489 (68.5)

 African American (%)

3180 (7.0)

1644 (6.8)

 Hispanic (%)

349 (0.8)

152 (0.6)

 Asian or Pacific Islander (%)

2918 (6.4)

1539 (6.4)

 Native American (%)

6990 (15.3)

4042 (16.8)

 Other (%)

300 (0.7)

195 (0.8)

Payment type

 Medicare (%)

19,404 (42.6)

8672 (36.0)

 Medicaid (%)

9308 (20.4)

6152 (25.6)

 Private insurance (%)

10,426 (22.9)

4750 (19.7)

 Self-pay (%)

3330 (7.3)

1763 (7.3)

 Other (%)

3069 (6.7)

2724 (11.3)

Homelessness (%)

453 (1.0)

401 (1.7)

Clinical characteristics

 Average Quan–Charlson–Deyo score (± SD)

6.54 (± 4.2)

6.68 (± 4.3)

 Average length of stay (± SD)

6.10 (± 8.13)

6.56 (± 9.47)

Complications of liver disease

  

 Ascites (%)

13,210 (29.0)

7115 (29.6)

 Hepatic encephalopathy (%)

5273 (11.6)

2223 (9.2)

 Esophageal varices (%)

1854 (4.1)

957 (4.0)

 Variceal hemorrhage (%)

3593 (7.9)

1679 (7.0)

 Hepatorenal syndrome (%)

692 (1.5)

502 (2.1)

 Hepatocellular carcinoma (%)

1710 (3.8)

2086 (8.7)

 Jaundice (%)

1128 (2.5)

437 (1.8)

 TIPS (%)

211 (0.5)

258 (1.1)

 Paracentesis (%)

7936 (17.4)

4869 (20.2)

 SBP (%)

855 (1.9)

575 (2.4)

 Hyponatremia (%)

6697 (14.7)

3360 (14.0)

 ESLD (%)

2105 (4.6)

1122 (4.7)

 EGD (%)

7576 (16.6)

3837 (15.9)

 TACE (%)

239 (0.5)

550 (2.3)

 Systemic chemotherapy (%)

235 (0.5)

549 (2.3)

 Liver surgery (%)

148 (< 0.01)

367 (< 0.01)

Etiology of liver disease

 Alcoholic liver disease (%)

23,388 (53.1)

11,414 (47.4)

 Hepatitis B (%)

5133 (11.3)

3016 (12.5)

 Hepatitis C (%)

15,853 (34.8)

9985 (41.5)

 Hepatitis B and C (%)

1829 (4.0)

1195 (5.0)

 Fatty liver disease (%)

841 (1.8)

469 (1.9)

 PSC (%)

311 (0.7)

264 (1.1)

Severity of illness

 Ventilation

≤ 10 (< 0.01)

≤ 10 (< 0.01)

 Dialysis

1100 (2.4)

533 (2.2)

Hospital characteristics

 Academic hospital

790 (1.7)

1107 (4.6)

 Rural

1383 (3.0)

≤ 10 (< 0.01)

 Urban

43,389 (96.4)

24,062 (100.0)

 Liver transplant

275 (0.6)

5387 (22.4)

 < 100 hospital beds

4700 (10.3)

≤ 10 (< 0.01)

 100–199 beds

15,709 (34.5)

276 (0.1)

 200–299 beds

13,144 (28.9)

1781 (7.4)

 300–399 beds

9588 (21.0)

6448 (26.8)

 400–499 beds

1996 (4.4)

7103 (29.5)

 > 500 hospital beds

135 (0.3)

8454 (35.1)

Disposition

 Homea

30,463 (66.9)

17,871 (74.3)

 Transfer to short-term hospital

1774 (3.9)

540 (2.2)

 Transfer to other facility

7040 (15.5)

2723 (11.3)

 Home health care

4843 (10.6)

2256 (9.4)

 Against medical advice

1176 (2.6)

549 (2.3)

 Other

253 (0.6)

121 (0.5)

SD standard deviation

aHome: this HCUP-created category is formally routine disposition, which includes disposition to home or to court/law enforcement

Notes

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stanford UniversityPalo AltoUSA
  2. 2.Department of GastroenterologyKaiser Permanente, Northern CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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