Expression of DDB2 Protein in the Initiation, Progression, and Prognosis of Colorectal Cancer
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Damage-specific DNA binding protein 2 (DDB2) is implicated in the recognition of DNA damage and the initiation of nucleotide excision repair process. The aim of this study was to explore the role of DDB2 in the initiation, progression, and prognosis of colorectal cancer (CRC).
Totally tissues of 300 CRC and 300 adjacent, 267 colorectal adenoma (CRA) and 214 normal (NOR) were collected. The expression of DDB2 protein was detected by immunohistochemical staining.
DDB2 protein was highly expressed in CRC and CRA compared with NOR (P < 0.001, respectively) in the dynamic sequence of NOR → CRA → CRC; CRC tissue demonstrated increased DDB2 expression compared with non-tumor adjacent tissues (P < 0.001). DDB2 expression was higher in T1–T2 than that in T3–T4 in CRC (P = 0.023); cloddy/nested CRC demonstrated increased DDB2 expression than infiltrative CRC (P = 0.007). Survival analysis showed that high DDB2 expression was associated with favorable survival in colon cancer (adjusted HR 0.20, 95% CI 0.06–0.72, P = 0.014) and female CRC patients (adjusted HR 0.27, 95% CI 0.08–0.92, P = 0.036).
DDB2 protein expression was associated with the initiation, progression, and prognosis of CRC, and might function as a tumor biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of CRC.
KeywordsDDB2 Expression Colorectal cancer
This study is supported by grants from Public Welfare Foundation of Liaoning Province (No. 2015005002) and Fund for Scientific Research of The First Hospital of China Medical University (FHCMU-FSR).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
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