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Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 63, Issue 8, pp 2094–2104 | Cite as

Screening and Surveillance for Barrett’s Esophagus: Is It Cost-Effective?

  • John M. Inadomi
  • Nina Saxena
Review
  • 221 Downloads

Abstract

The cost-effectiveness of screening and surveillance for Barrett’s esophagus continues to evolve as the incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma increases, biomarkers enhance the identification of individuals at highest risk for developing cancer, and endoscopic eradication of Barrett’s esophagus improves. Screening to detect Barrett’s esophagus may be cost-effective in selected high-risk groups based on age, race, sex and other factors such as symptoms of heartburn. Currently, endoscopic eradication therapy for Barrett’s esophagus and high-grade dysplasia is a cost-effective intervention, while endoscopic therapy for non-dysplastic Barrett’s esophagus is not a cost-effective strategy. As diagnosis of low-grade dysplasia improves, endoscopic eradication therapy may also prove to be a cost-effective intervention.

Keywords

Mass screening Endoscopy Surveillance Cost-effectiveness Economic analysis Barrett’s esophagus Esophageal adenocarcinoma 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

John M. Inadomi is on the scientific advisory board for Cernostics, and receives research support from Ninepoint.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Gastroenterology, Department of MedicineUniversity of Washington School of MedicineSeattleUSA

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