Long-Term Outcome After Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection for Early Gastric Cancer in Non-neoplastic Pathology Results
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After endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer (EGC), negative pathological findings cause concern about the adequacy of the procedure and local recurrence after ESD.
To investigate the incidence of local recurrence in cases with negative pathological findings after ESD for EGC and pathologically complete resection (CR) during long-term follow-up.
We reviewed 453 patients who underwent ESD for ECG from January 2007 to December 2010, respectively. Of these patients, in 17 cases the pathology results confirmed no residual tumor (NRT), and in 421 cases they showed CR in the ESD specimen. Finally, 17 NRT and 358 CR cases were followed up during surveillance. Patient characteristics, endoscopic and pathological data were analyzed for risk factors of local recurrence. We also re-evaluated the pathology of the NRT group to identify hidden malignant cells in the previous ESD specimens.
There was no difference between the two groups in terms of recurrence during follow-up surveillance (median 55.7 months). Late local recurrence of EGC was found in two cases (11.8%) in the NRT group, and three early local recurrences (5.6%) were found in the CR group. A review of the pathology in the NRT group revealed hidden malignant cells in five patients (29.4%).
Even when the pathological report indicates NRT after ESD, it might be necessary to re-evaluate ESD specimens with a width <2 mm, and long-term endoscopic surveillance should be routinely used for detecting local EGC recurrence after ESD.
KeywordsEndoscopic submucosal dissection Early gastric cancer No residual tumor Local recurrence
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
Drs, Yong Hwan Kwon, Seong Woo Jeon, Hyun Seok Lee, Su Youn Nam, Jeong Shik Kim and Ji Young Park have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.
All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration. Informed consent or a substitute for it was obtained from all patients for being included in this study.
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