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Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 61, Issue 8, pp 2303–2314 | Cite as

RETRACTED ARTICLE: CD109 Mediates Cell Survival in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

  • Guijuan Zong
  • Zhiwei Xu
  • Shusen Zhang
  • Yifen Shen
  • Huiyuan Qiu
  • Guizhou Zhu
  • Song He
  • Tao TaoEmail author
  • Xudong ChenEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 75–80 % of primary liver cancer, and usually arises after years of liver disease. Thus it is important to understand the molecular mechanisms which drive or mediate the development of HCC.

Aim

In this work, we examined whether CD109 was associated with a poor prognosis in HCC and explored possible underlying mechanisms.

Methods

We examined the CD109 and Ki67 expression levels in 97 patients with HCC using immunohistochemistry. CD109 levels in HCC cells were down-regulated by shRNA transfection. The cycle progression and cell proliferation status of HCC cells were evaluated by flow cytometry and CCK-8 assay. The effect of CD109 on proliferation and apoptosis was investigated by western blot and TUNEL activity assays.

Results

The CD109 protein was up-regulated in HCC tissue compared with adjacent noncancerous tissue. CD109 expression levels in the 97 patients with HCC were positively correlated with histological grade. Univariate and multivariate survival analysis revealed that CD109 was a significant predictor of overall survival among HCC patients. CD109 shRNA knockdown delayed the G1–S phase transition, abrogated cell proliferation, and increased cell apoptosis. Furthermore, CD109 impaired TGF-β/Smad signaling through control of p-smad2.

Conclusions

CD109 promoted HCC proliferation and predicted poor prognosis. In addition, CD109 expression was associated with anti-apoptosis in HCC cells.

Keywords

CD109 HCC Prognosis Proliferation Apoptosis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, No. 2012CB822104), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81202368), Technology Innovation Program of Nantong University (YKC14055, YKC15052), Technology Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province (KYZZ15_0351), and a project funded by the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10620_2016_4149_MOESM1_ESM.tif (554 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (TIFF 554 kb)
10620_2016_4149_MOESM2_ESM.doc (16 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOC 16 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guijuan Zong
    • 1
  • Zhiwei Xu
    • 2
    • 3
  • Shusen Zhang
    • 4
  • Yifen Shen
    • 2
  • Huiyuan Qiu
    • 2
  • Guizhou Zhu
    • 2
  • Song He
    • 1
  • Tao Tao
    • 2
    Email author
  • Xudong Chen
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PathologyAffiliated Cancer Hospital of Nantong UniversityNantongPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory for Inflammation and Molecular Drug Target, Department of Immunology, Medical CollegeNantong UniversityNantongPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Division of Regulatory Glycobiology, Institute of Molecular Biomembrane and GlycobiologyTohoku Pharmaceutical UniversitySendaiJapan
  4. 4.Department of GastroenterologyAffiliated Hospital of Nantong UniversityNantongPeople’s Republic of China

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