APOC3 rs2070666 Is Associated with the Hepatic Steatosis Independently of PNPLA3 rs738409 in Chinese Han Patients with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Diseases
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Background and Aim
The association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and apolipoprotein C3 gene (APOC3) promoter region single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs2854117 and rs2854116 is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between other polymorphisms of APOC3 and NAFLD in Chinese.
Fifty-nine liver biopsy-proven NAFLD patients and 72 healthy control subjects were recruited to a cohort representing Chinese Han population. The polymorphisms in the exons and flanking regions of APOC3 and patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3) rs738409 polymorphisms were genotyped.
Among the five SNPs (rs4225, rs4520, rs5128, rs2070666, and rs2070667) in APOC3, only rs2070666 (c.179 + 62 T/A) was significantly different in genotype and allele frequency (both p < 0.01) between groups of NAFLD and control. After adjusting for sex, age, serum triglycerides, total cholesterol, body mass index, and the PNPLA3 rs738409 polymorphism, the APOC3 rs2070666 A allele was an independent risk factor for NAFLD with an odds ratio (OR) of 3.683 and 95 % confidence interval (CI) of 1.037–13.084. The APOC3 rs2070666 A allele was linked to the fourth quartile of the controlled attenuation parameter values (OR 2.769, 95 % CI 1.002–7.651) in 131 subjects, and also linked to the significant histological steatosis (OR 4.986, 95 % CI 1.020–24.371), but neither to liver stiffness measurement values nor to hepatic histological activity and fibrosis in NAFLD patients.
The APOC3 rs2070666 A allele is a risk factor for NAFLD independent of obesity, dyslipidemia, and PNPLA3 rs738409, and it might contribute to increased liver fat content in Chinese Han population.
KeywordsNonalcoholic fatty liver disease Single-nucleotide polymorphisms Apolipoprotein C3 Liver biopsy FibroScan
This work was supported by the State Key Development Program for Basic Research of China (2012CB517501), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81270491 and 81470840), the 100 Talents Program of the Shanghai Board of Health (XBR2011007), the Program of the Shanghai Committee of Science and Technology (10411956300).
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Conflict of interest