Nesfatin-1 Suppresses Gastric Contractions and Inhibits Interdigestive Migrating Contractions in Conscious Dogs
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Nesfatin-1 is a novel 82-amino acid anorectic peptide. Acute injection of nesfatin-1 into the third brain ventricle reduces food consumption during the dark phase in rats. Nesfatin-1 is also expressed in gastric X/A-like cells in the peripheral tissues. Nesfatin-1 has been reported to reduce gastric and duodenal motility and to delay gastric emptying.
In the present study, we investigated the effects of nesfatin-1 on gastrointestinal motility in conscious dogs.
Force transducers were implanted onto the serosal surfaces of the gastric bodies, gastric antra, duodena, and jejuna of healthy beagle dogs, and gastrointestinal motility was monitored. We evaluated the effects of nesfatin-1 on gastrointestinal motility and on the circulating levels of nesfatin-1 in the fasted and fed states.
The intravenous administration of nesfatin-1 reduced gastric contractions and inhibited cyclical interdigestive migrating contractions in the fasted state. In the fasted state, circulating levels of nesfatin-1 tended to increase during late phase I. In addition, the kinetics of the circulating levels of nesfatin-1 were opposite to those of ghrelin during the fasted state.
Nesfatin-1 regulates gastrointestinal motility, and, in particular, it inhibits gastric contractions in the fasted state. Interdigestive migrating contractions may be regulated by interactions between nesfatin-1, ghrelin, and motilin.
KeywordsNesfatin-1 Ghrelin Motilin Gastrointestinal motility Interdigestive migrating contractions
Interdigestive migrating contractions
We thank Ms. Yukie Saito, Ms. Tomoko Yano, Ms. Tomoko Ubukata, Ms. Yuka Matsui, Ms. Ayaka Ishida, and Ayaka Ishikubo for their excellent assistance.
Conflict of interest
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