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Digestive Diseases and Sciences

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 557–565 | Cite as

A Comparative Evaluation of EUS-Guided Biliary Drainage and Percutaneous Drainage in Patients with Distal Malignant Biliary Obstruction and Failed ERCP

  • Mouen A. KhashabEmail author
  • Ali Kord Valeshabad
  • Elham Afghani
  • Vikesh K. Singh
  • Vivek Kumbhari
  • Ahmed Messallam
  • Payal Saxena
  • Mohamad El Zein
  • Anne Marie Lennon
  • Marcia Irene Canto
  • Anthony N. Kalloo
Original Article

Abstract

Background and Aim

Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EGBD) may be a safe, alternative technique to percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) in patients who fail ERCP. However, it is currently unknown how both techniques compare in terms of efficacy, safety, and cost. The aims of this study were to compare efficacy, safety, and cost of EGBD to that of PTBD.

Methods

Jaundiced patients with distal malignant biliary obstruction who underwent EGBD or PTBD after failed ERCP were included. Technical success, clinical success, and adverse events between the two groups were compared.

Results

A total of 73 patients with failed ERCP subsequently underwent EGBD (n = 22) or PTBD (n = 51). Although technical success was higher in the PTBD group (100 vs. 86.4 %, p = 0.007), clinical success was equivalent (92.2 vs. 86.4 %, p = 0.40). PTBD was associated with higher adverse event rate (index procedure: 39.2 vs. 18.2 %; all procedures including reinterventions: 80.4 vs. 15.7 %). Stent patency and survival were equivalent between both groups. Total charges were more than two times higher in the PTBD group (p = 0.004) mainly due to significantly higher rate of reinterventions (80.4 vs. 15.7 %, p < 0.001).

Conclusion

EGBD and PTBD are comparably effective techniques for treatment of distal malignant biliary obstruction after failed ERCP. However, EGBD is associated with decreased adverse events rate and is significantly less costly due to the need for fewer reinterventions. Our results suggest that EGBD should be the technique of choice for treatment of these patients at institutions with experienced interventional endosonographers.

Keywords

EUS PTBD ERCP Pancreatic cancer Jaundice 

Notes

Conflict of interest

Mouen A. Khashab is a consultant for Boston Scientific and Olympus America and has received research support from Cook Medical. Anthony Kalloo is a founding Member, equity Holder and consultant for Apollo Endosurgery. Vikesh Singh is a consultant for Abbvie, D-Pharm, and Santarus.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mouen A. Khashab
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ali Kord Valeshabad
    • 1
  • Elham Afghani
    • 1
  • Vikesh K. Singh
    • 1
  • Vivek Kumbhari
    • 1
  • Ahmed Messallam
    • 1
  • Payal Saxena
    • 1
  • Mohamad El Zein
    • 1
  • Anne Marie Lennon
    • 1
  • Marcia Irene Canto
    • 1
  • Anthony N. Kalloo
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of MedicineThe Johns Hopkins Medical InstitutionsBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Director of Therapeutic EndoscopyJohns Hopkins HospitalBaltimoreUSA

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