Colonic 15-PGDH Levels Are Stable Across Distance and Time and Are Not Perturbed by Aspirin Intervention
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- Fink, S.P., Yang, DH., Barnholtz-Sloan, J.S. et al. Dig Dis Sci (2013) 58: 2615. doi:10.1007/s10620-013-2670-5
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Background and Aims
15-Hydroxprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH) mediates a colon neoplasia suppressor pathway, acting through metabolic antagonism of cyclooxygenase-mediated colon carcinogenesis. To determine whether the colon tumor prevention activity of 15-PGDH acts as a constant or variable effect among individuals, we determined whether 15-PGDH levels remain stable over subsite and time in the human colon, determined the extent of differences in 15-PGDH levels between different individuals, and determined whether 15-PGDH modulation mediates any part of the anti-colon tumor effect of aspirin.
Using real-time PCR, we measured 15-PGDH mRNA to determine the correlation of 15-PGDH level in replicate colon biopsies, in biopsies from throughout the length of the colon, in repeat biopsies taken 4 months apart, and in paired biopsies of individuals taken before and after aspirin treatment, and by Western-blot for 15-PGDH protein in mice.
Colonic 15-PGDH levels varied 4.4-fold across the human population. Within individuals, 15-PGDH levels proved highly reproducible (r = 0.81 in duplicate biopsies) and stable along the length of the colon, with average 15-PGDH levels deviating by only 17 % from rectum to cecum. An individual’s 15-PGDH levels are also highly stable over time, with a median coefficient of variation over a 4-month interval of only 12 %. Last, colonic 15-PGDH levels proved resistant to alteration by aspirin, with only a 10 % difference in 15-PGDH levels measured before and after aspirin treatment.
15-PGDH levels vary across the population in a stable and reproducible manner, and are resistant to alteration by aspirin. 15-PGDH represents an independent target for modulation by candidate colon tumor chemopreventive agents.
KeywordsColon cancer 15-PGDH NSAIDs Biomarker
TGF-beta type II receptor